Swollen nose can cause a hell lot of problems for a person, from extreme pain and redness to a constant feeling of blowing the nose. It can also be related to severe headaches and nausea and even pain in the eyes and cheeks and the neck. There are many possible causes which can lead to a swollen nose, and to deal with swollen nose, we need to first learn about the various causes.
Possible Causes Of Swollen Nose
Infection is one of the leading causes of swollen nose. It can occur either inside or outside the nose, but the effects can be far reaching and varied. The start of an infection is hardly different from a simple acne, as at the beginning it looks like a small pimple with a little bit of redness. However, with time the pimple grows in size and the redness increases till it starts causing pain. If the pimple takes place inside the nose, it is generally due to a pulled hair follicle, resulting in the formation of lesions.
If the pimple starts to grow, it can easily turn into a boil and accumulate pus and dirt, leading to further pain in the nose. In that case, you need to see the doctor to properly treat the boil. However, if the pimple remains small, then you don’t need to see the doctor as a simple antibacterial solution can prevent it from growing in size. Although, you do have to drain the pus before applying the antibacterial solution, and that part does require some medical attention as doing it yourself is highly not recommended.
Sinusitis is also another common cause of swollen nose, and to deal with swollen nose, one first has to deal with their sinus problems. Sinusitis can be caused by any kind of infection or allergic reactions. Basically, the inflammation of the nose due to said allergies and infections clogs the nose and makes it swell up. This in turn causes headaches and pain above the ear, which are general symptoms of sinusitis. You can treat sinusitis with antibiotics and nasal medicines that can clear it up. Pain relievers can also help in subsiding the pain of the swollen nose.
Trauma is another major reason for swollen nose. The nose swells up steadily if it experiences some kind of trauma, like being hit or being in an accident or falling. If the bridge of the nose breaks, that indicates bone fracture, resulting in a lot of bruising and blood loss. You may even find it difficult to breathe, in which case you should rush immediately to the doctor.
Nasal polyps are benign growths inside the nose that are generally caused by allergic reactions, like pollen allergy, dust allergy, etc. They keep growing in size till they reach the peak of their size, and when they reach the peak, they can cause blockage of the nose, headaches, nausea and other sinusitis-like problems. Usually they stop growing after a point and after a few days of discomfort, they start shrinking again, but if they keep growing and start pushing into the surrounding bone structure, you will need to consult an E.N.T. specialist.
These are caused by outside agents, like inhalation of dust, germs, smoke, pollen grains and other allergy inducing specimens. These result in constant sneezing and a runny nose, and can make the nose swell up. There is also associated headache and redness of the region, along with the constant urge to blow your nose. Use of antihistamines and decongestants can reduce the effects of allergic rhinitis.
Introduction of any kind of foreign bodies inside the nose, especially in children, can lead to swollen nose. To deal with swollen nose due to foreign objects, you first need to get rid of the object itself. If it is lodged deep inside the nose, you will need to go to the doctor and have special medical attention. These foreign objects can lead to infections and bacterial diseases inside the nose, and hence should not be ignored at any rate.
How to Get Rid of Swollen Nose ?
Now that we know what generally causes our nose to swell up, we will learn how to deal with swollen nose.
- The first and foremost thing to remember when dealing with swollen nose is to never poke inside the nose with your finger or any other object. That can only push the infection or abscess deeper inside the nose and cause further swelling and pain.
- Never blow your nose too hard when you are suffering from any kind of infection. That will only aggravate the pain even further. Instead, be gentle and blow your nose slowly. Also, blowing the nose too hard can cause the bacteria and the germs to travel through the air to land on neighboring people.
- You can use an ice pack to reduce the swelling of the nose. Doing this 3 times a day, for about 15 to 20 minutes can really help with the pain, especially if the cause is physical trauma.
- Anti-inflammatory and pain medications like ibuprofen and paracetamol can also somewhat help reduce the pain and swelling, providing temporary relief.
- If your nose is broken, you will most certainly need a surgery to fix the broken bone. If there is only light bruising and bleeding, you will need to tie your nose up with a tight bandage.
- You should absolutely avoid smoking and consumption of alcohol when dealing with swollen nose as that can cause breathing problems and also lead to headache and nausea.