You will acknowledge severe sun burn when you step out in the sun for some time. Though a sun burn and poisoning is more or less the same thing and is equally painful for the skin, sun poisoning requires extra care and attention.
It is a term that is used to describe a severe case of sun burn. It is caused by the ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun that inflames your skin. Sun poisoning usually begins with symptoms like sunburn but becomes severe when it is left unnoticed. Most people get affected during the summer months and in hot sunny areas. People with lighter skin are most vulnerable to sun poisoning because their body does not produce enough melanin, the pigment that absorbs the UV rays and darkens skin to protect it from sun poisoning.
Two types of reactions:
Some of the treatment to cure PMLE or solar urticarial are as follows:
This video will help you in understanding symptoms
You can get sunburn by just spending around fifteen minutes in the sun but you may not know it immediately. The redness and the discomfort usually show up after a few hours. If you are not wearing proper protections and have light or fair skin and hair, then you are likely to experience sunburn more quickly. Sunburns only leave you red-faced and gives you a. itching feeling but often leave a lasting damage.
However, if you are spending over fifteen minutes, then it can lead to sun poisoning. The short term effect of the sun poisoning generally lasts for four to seven days but can stay beyond a week if it’s more severe and harmful. The primary symptom of sun burn is rashes which reddens your skin but if you experience some additional symptoms and the pain worsens, then you should seek immediate medical help. If not treated with time, it can lead to the development of skin cancer.
Sunburn and Sun poisoning generally means the same thing. They are referred to as photodermatitis in medical term.
Some of the symptoms are:
|Redness or Tenderness||After spending too much time in the sun, your skin becomes very tender. You might also notice some unusual redness over the exposed part of your skin. This is the first sign of sun burn and if your further stay in the sun then you might experience sun poisoning.|
|Blisters||If your skin starts itching then you will notice the formation of blisters in the worst affected part of your skin. Blisters are filled with fluid and will get ruptured on their own. You should never break these blisters on your own because they are protecting the infected area of the skin. Blisters will break on their own but the covering of the blisters will still guard your body from infections. Once your body gets healed, they will peel off on their own.|
|Dehydration||It affects the body severely and should be treated immediately. It occurs when your body loses too much fluid electrolytes. In that case you must replace the lost fluid by drinking enough water. If the electrolytes are not replaced then they might require medical attention.|
|Fatigue||If you are suffering from sunburn and experience too much dizziness and tiredness then it’s time to consult a doctor. Son poisoning can be very dangerous in some cases.|
|Fever||You can experience high fever if your condition worsens by sun poisoning. You can also experience chills and your body’s immune system becomes weak and is not able to fight with the effects of sun poisoning. You will also feel both hot and cold at the same time. This requires proper medication otherwise the condition worsens and you might have to get hospitalized.|
|Flu||You can also experience some flu like symptoms and experience severe fever and chill. If these symptoms are accompanied by sick stomach and vomiting then you are definitely down with flu.|
|Itching||Your body starts itching after spending some time in the sun. Itching generally stays for a few days. But remember not to scratch your body when it itches because it is the way your body is trying to repair the damage that has been done to the skin.|
To determine whether a person is suffering from sun burn or sun poisoning, the physician will first obtain the medical history of the patient and then do the physical examination to determine to which extent the patient has sun burn. In some severe cases or with patient having previous medical history, the doctor was prescribe a few laboratory tests that help them to determine the severity of the sun poisoning.
The best way to prevent sun burn and sun poisoning is by protecting your skin. The medical treatment of it is more or less similar to home remedies. They are designed to reduce pain and inflammation.
The doctor will ask you to follow-up after the initial first visit evaluation or ask you to return if any further problem occurs. Severe sunburn will make you miss work and the doctor might advise you bed rest for a few days. Moreover, sunburn can also cause premature aging and in some rare cases it can cause skin cancer.
There are a few easy and simple precautions that is used at home to reduce sun burn effects like itching and burning sensation are:
At any point of time, you suffer extreme pain or vomiting and you fever grows over 104 degrees Fahrenheit, you should immediately head to an emergency room. In more severe cases, a doctor or a dermatologist can advise an oral steroid to reduce inflammation or provide fluids to restore hydration.
The easiest way to avoid sunburn is by using some of the effective and preventive tricks. Some of the simple checks comprise of:
You can even consult a doctor if you are getting too much exposed in the sun. If you are taking any kind of medication for curing acne, antibiotic tablets, anti-depressants, heart drugs, etc., check if it will make your skin more sensitive to the sun. Some of the fragrances that you are using also might make it extra sensitive.
Sun Poisoning images, pictures and Photos are as below:
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