Sharp Pain in Vagina, also known as vulvodynia, is a very common ailment in women of all age groups. Without a clear cause, these are mostly never taken seriously. Most women do not even get diagnosed with the problem. However, vaginal pains should be taken seriously, not as a medical condition but as a source of deep discomfort in the patient’s life. It can turn your life upside down, reducing your need to socialize with others, and completely hampering your sex life. In this article we will learn in details about all the symptoms and types of sharp vagina pain and how to cure them.
Types Of Sharp Pain In Vagina
Sharp vaginal pains can be divided into sharply two types, one of which is the normal pain, and the other is a condition called vulvar vestibulitis.
In the first case, generalized pain is felt in the vagina at various times throughout the day. This pain can be constant or can come and go every few minutes. Touching the vagina may be a reason of these kinds of pain, and hence touching should be avoided at all costs to prevent further damage.
In the second case, that is, the case of the vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, it feels as if someone is cutting the vagina open or burning it. This kind of pain plagues the life of almost 10 to 15% of women, disrupting their normal sexual experiences completely. Women suffering from this kind of pain should definitely consult the doctor.
Causes Of Sharp Pain In Vagina
No real or direct cause of sharp vaginal pains is known till date. However, in majority of the women populace, these are caused by some sort of underlying medical condition which is yet not diagnosed. Sometimes, the pain also has a lot to do with mental or psychological well being rather than physical well being. Depression can be a reason of these kinds of vaginal pains. Below is listed the various causes of sharp vaginal pains.
- Cancer or cysts near the vagina.
- Aggressive sexual intercourse or even sexual abuse leads to sharp pains.
- Hormonal changes due to menopause or any other medical condition.
- Muscle spasms or seizures around the genitalia can be a big cause.
- Chronic nerve injury due to some kind of cut or infection in the vaginal region.
- Infection or trauma of any sort to the vaginal region due to accidents can also lead to stabbing pains.
- Genetic chronic inflammation can lead to sharp pain in vagina.
- Past genital surgery may also be a cause of the problem.
- Yeast infection is also known for causing stabbing pains in the vagina.
Symptoms of sharp pain in vagina
Aside from the pains in the main vaginal area, there are also other symptoms that need to be looked out for such as a stinging, burning sensation in the lower abdomen region, itchiness in the vagina during peeing, painful sexual intercourse, sharp cutting sensation in the labia and vulva, and irritation in the vaginal region.
The above symptoms can appear together or show up on after the other, and should be carefully noted. They might increase upon physical contact, so avoid touching the region at all costs. Of course, the discomfort prevents you from doing general activities too, like cycling, dancing, swimming, and more.
Although sharp vaginal pains are mostly localized pains which subside after a few days of care and attention, it is still safe to consult the doctor if one of more of these symptoms surface.
No particular treatment procedure is available for sharp vaginal pains as no particular reason can ever be found. In fact, different women are given different treatment and medication depending on their symptoms and their lifestyle, and even after administering medical help, the pains may or may not subside.
It is hard to find the perfect treatment for a particular patient, and one often has to go through various treatment procedures to find the one most suited to their symptoms. So the length of the treatment varies greatly from patient to patient. The key is to be as free and comfortable with the doctor as possible, so make sure that you are free with your doctor to talk about any and all kinds of discomfort, otherwise you will never be able to find relief from your pains.
Some of the most popular treatment procedures followed by most doctors are listed below.
- Anticonvulsants and antidepressants are often prescribed to women suffering from sharp vaginal pains. The use of antidepressants is mainly due to the fact that most vaginal pains are borne out of mental and psychological problems rather than physical problems. In case of itching, antihistamines are also prescribed.
- Injections are mostly used when the woman does not respond to normal medications. The injection numbs down the pain of the pudendal nerve, which is a sensory nerve connected to the pelvic region. This nerve controls all the other nerves of the external genitalia, which is exactly why the injection is used. It decreases and, sometimes, absolutely erases all traces of pain in the area. However, if the pains still continue to bother the patient, the nerves are ablated.
- Local anaesthetics like lidocaine provide immediate but temporary relief. These work best especially before sexual encounters as it helps you enjoy the experience without any sort of pain. You must apply the anaesthetic around 30 minutes before you engage in sexual contact. Your partner may experience temporary numbness after the intercourse due to the anaesthetic.
- Physical therapy can help the patient get relief from the pains if they are more of a psychological problem than physical problem. Biofeedback therapy and relaxation can help your body relax certain muscles of your body, including the genital muscles which are mainly responsible for the sharp vaginal pains. These therapy sessions also strengthen the muscles of the genitalia, helping them deal with the pains much effectively. With these therapy procedures at your aide, you will experience much fainter vaginal pains, or maybe none at all.
- Surgery is a very final solution of sharp pain in vagina. When a particular region of pain is identified and isolated, removing it surgically becomes the best solution to the persistent problem of vaginal pains. There is no chance for the pains to return if the affected area is removed surgically.
- The pelvic floor therapy is another therapy method which helps women strengthen their pelvic muscles which in turn helps reduce their sharp vaginal pains.
Things you can do at home
- Using good quality and soft toiler paper is very important if you have a sensitive skin.
- Cotton is the most preferable fabric when it comes to panties, tampons and pads, at it lets the skin breathe freely, and also prevents the accumulation of moisture down there. Wear only pure cotton undergarments to prevent any kind of irritation in the genitalia.
- Avoid any activities which put pressure on your vulva, like cycling, biking and horseback riding.
- Avoid putting soap or shampoo in your vaginal region as that can cause irritation. Instead, use special vaginal washes that contain the right amount of alkali to maintain the pH level of your sensitive area.
- Always use lubrication before engaging in any sort of sexual intercourse.
- Always clean your vulva after urination with cold water. Do this after having intercourse as well, as this prevents accumulated germs from multiplying amongst themselves.
- Try to avoid hot water baths and instead opt for lukewarm water baths.
- You can apply petroleum jelly to your vulva to protect the region from irritation or abrasion throughout the day.