The main reasons for pain in left hand include arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, ganglion cysts, tendon problems, fractures and trigger finger. As we all know our hands are made up of lots of muscles, ligaments and bones that play a very important role in its dexterity and ability to move. There are three core types of bones in the hands which include phalanges in the fingers, carpal bones of the wrist and metacarpal bones at the centre of the hands. Several root causes can lead to distortion of this structures thereby resulting in the appearance of pain in left hand.
Causes of Pain in Left Hand
Inflammation of joints throughout the wrist and hands is known as arthritis. These pain start from ligaments, synovial membranes and then to tendons. A degenerative form of this condition more common among older patients is known as Osteoarthritis. This condition is usually caused by genetics, injuries, muscle strain or fatigue. There is no specific cure for arthritis but few anti inflammatory medicines can still help you relieve pain.
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
A syndrome which occurs when the median nerve passing through the carpal tunnel into the wrist compresses is known as carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Median nerve is responsible for providing sensory information and motor function to the thumb and the three middle fingers. This syndrome causes tingling or burning sensation in the fingers, pain and numbness in the hands and often makes gripping difficult. Consult your physician for proper diagnosis.
- Ganglion cysts
Ganglion cysts area type of soft tissue tumors. These can appear both sides of the hands either back or front. The common symptoms of this disease include appearance of round, smooth, tender and a firm cyst along with localized swelling and a mild aching in the hand. The condition might aggravate if not treated and hands are used repeatedly. Cysts do not usually require any treatment. If the condition becomes chronic and it starts interfering with the functionality of the hand then you should consult a doctor for proper treatment. Treatment usually includes rest, splinting, cortisone injections, aspirations and surgery or taking non steroidal anti inflammatory medications.
- Tendon problems
Tendonitis or tenosynovitis refers to tendon problems in hands. This is a condition which causes lining of tendon sheaths become inflamed. The reason for this illness is still unknown but it is believed by many that strain, overuse, injury of hands or excessive exercising might be reason for the same. This problem causes a lot of discomfort, swelling, pain and irritation. Try out non steroidal anti inflammatory medicines or steroid injections in the affected areas to reduce swelling. In more severe cases doctors often recommend surgery to repair the damaged tendon.
Fractures refer to the condition where the bone is broken but still aligned and stable. There are different types of fracture which one can face. These include compound fractures where the bones have broken through the skin, complex fractures where bone has displaced its position and comminuted fractures where the bones have broken from multiple places. Fractures can cause stiffness and swelling in the affected areas. The treatment usually varies based on the nature of injury occurred. Complex bones are joined using plates, pins or wire to hold them in place. This can be done only through surgeries. In other cases split will be used to mobilize the damaged area.
- Trigger finger
The most common name of stenosing tenosynovitis is trigger finger. In this condition the thumb and the fingers get locked in a bent position. When the person suffering tries to straighten the same it might become too painful. It even causes pain in left hand. In this condition the flexor tendons in the finger become agitated causing the tendon sheath to thicken. This is most commonly seen in women of age 40 to 60. Medications are generally used to solve these circumstances. Rest or wearing the splint may even help in certain cases.
Remedies for pain in left hand
Since our hands comprises of ligaments, muscles and bones a complex variety of condition can cause pain in left hand. If you are experiencing repetitive pain accompanied by other serious symptoms then seek some medical assistance at the earliest. Few ways to get rid of mild pain are –
Massaging the affected area gently in circular motions can relax the tendons and might even ease the stiffness bringing relief. Sometimes even cold compress can reduce inflammation. While some might even go for hot pack on the arm, hands or wrist to release the tension in these areas.
- Keeping the hands warm
Another simple way to stay away from pain in left hand is keeping your hands warm. Try soaking your hands in a mixture of essential oil and warm water for about 15 to 20 minutes to relieve pain. You can even apply a soothing hand cream 3 to 4 times a day to get instant relief. Applying the hand cream after soaking will provide additional relief. Try warming your hands particularly during the night to reduce stiffness and swelling. Apply hand creams to make sure that your hands remain moist and thick gloves to ease soreness.
- Apply supporting equipments
Supporting equipments include gel wrist supports which can be placed in front of computers. These are meant to help you keep your hands and wrists in a more comfortable position to avoid any damaging. You can even purchase hand braces from any local pharmacy. These are meant to keep wrist in healthy position so that the condition does not aggravate while typing continuously.
- Try doing stretching exercises
Last but not the least stretching exercises are very helpful to get rid of pain of any kind. Resting can help you relieve any discomfort caused by overuse or carpal tunnel syndrome. While stretching a sore hand usually helps you to relieve spasms. Try bending the fingers upwards the palm and turn the wrist clockwise and then anti clockwise to open and close the hands and to release excess tensions.