What is a noncommunicable disease?
Definition and Meaning :- A non communicable disease or NCD is a disease that cannot be transferred from person to person but does have detrimental effects on the body if not kept in check. The rate of growth of a non communicable disease depends on the disease itself and can progress very fast or at a very gradual pace. As per recent studies, it shows that non communicable diseases have actually resulted in 60% of deaths worldwide. NCDS are very particularly known for attacking the body individually rather than spreading between one another. This article gives a very detailed account of very popular non communicable diseases along with a must know non communicable diseases list to guide you along the way.
NCD risk factors: there are many risk factors that actually contribute towards causing an environment where a person can actually get a non communicable disease. As per the non communicable diseases list there a few reasons such as smoking, hypertension and even obesity that can create environments where a person can actually get a non communicable disease. Genetics may also be a very dominating factor in this regard. A person can treat a non communicable disease quite effectively by removing the risk factor causing the situation.
Diabetes is a very strong risk factor that can cause a variety of issues mentioned on the non communicable diseases list. Type 1 diabetes is when the pancreas is destroyed by the immune system causing the buildup of unhealthy amounts of glucose in your body and is actually present from birth. Type 2 diabetes is something that builds up over time causing the body to resist the effects of insulin and cause unhealthy amounts of glucose to build up in the body. type 2 diabetes actually is the result of obesity.
When a person has a consistent blood pressure level of 140/90 then this issue can occur. There are many risk factors that can actually contribute to this issue which include smoking, tension, anxiety, depression, overeating, obesity, kidney disease and so on. Detailed information is provided in the non communicable disease list provided below.
Osteoporosis is a very well known disease part of the non communicable diseases list that causes a persons’ bones to become brittle and even break easily over time. Over 80% of people suffering with this disease are women. There are many risk factors that can cause such an issue to occur such as inactivity, low sex hormones and even smoking.
This is another very well known issue which is a dominant part of the non communicable diseases list that can cause dementia in people to a wide extent. This normally effects people that are over sixty years of age causing many issues such as memory loss, loss of bodily control, personality changes, delusions and so on.
Heart disease actually covers many subsidiary diseases that are a very dominant part of the non communicable diseases list. Heart disease encompasses any issues faced with the circulatory system or the heart. Many of the diseases that a person can face may include rhythm irregularities, congenital heart disease, heart failures, heart attack, unstable agina, aortic regurgitation and so on.
Fibromyalgia is disease that damages the soft tissue in the body and is part of the non communicable diseases list. this issue can cause a number of subsidiary issues as well for example heart irregularities, jaw pain, nasal congestion and so on.
Lung cancer takes its place amongst the many non communicable diseases list and causes malignant cell growth on the lungs. This issue is often the result of excessive smoking where over 90% of the people suffering from this issue are either smokers or intake tobacco products on a daily basis.
Leukemia is yet again another disease from the non communicable disease list that causes the growth and dispersal of abnormal blood cells in the body which may or may not affect other areas of the body as well as it travel in the entire blood stream. Leukemia can cause abnormal blood cells to affect other areas of the body as well such as skin or liver.
Skin cancer is a process that directly affects your skin via the ultraviolet rays of the sun. Skin cancer is a part of the non communicable diseases list because it does not transfer from one person to another and the best part is that if caught in its beginning stages it is 90% curable.
Seizures are the more dominant areas of the non communicable diseases list because it has very adverse affects on the human body. seizures can be caused by a variety of reasons such as tumors in the brain, numbness of the stem cells, brain damage and so on. Though there is no cure for epilepsy medication can help to curb the disease to a great extent.
Genetic diseases are diseases past down from parents to children and so on causing a long line of genetic issues. Issues passed to offspring cause a long list of recognizable non communicable diseases list. Environmental disease often occur due to the issues associated with the environment, diet and personal choices. Given below is a detailed non communicable diseases list.
|Genetic disease||Environmental Diseases|
|4||Bardet-Biedl syndrome||Anorexia nervosa|
|5||Cystic fibrosis||Carpal tunnel syndrome|
|6||Color blindness||Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases|
|9||Fragile X syndrome (FXS)||Fetal alcohol syndrome|
|13||Muscular dystrophy (MD)||Irritable Bowel Syndrome|
|14||Noonan syndrome||Liver cirrhosis|
|17||Patau syndrome||Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)|
|18||Sickle-cell disease||Tick paralysis|
|20||Triple X syndrome|
|23||Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome|
|Some other non-communicable diseases List|
|2||ADHD - Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder|
|3||ALS - Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (many times called as Lou Gehrig’s disease)|
|4||ASD - Autism spectrum disorder|
|9||Clotting and bleeding disorders|
|10||CTE - Chronic traumatic encephalopathy|
|13||Chronic kidney disease|
|14||Congenital hearing loss|
|15||Cooley’s anemia (beta thalassemia)|
|20||IBD - Inflammatory bowel disease|
|21||Jaundice in newborns|
|25||ME (myalgic encephalomyelitis) / CFS (chronic fatigue syndrome)|
|26||Myelomeningocele (a type of spina bifida)|
|33||Sickle cell anemia|
|34||Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma)|
|35||Systematic lupus erythematosus (lupus)|
|36||TS - Tourette syndrome|
|37||TB - traumatic brain injury|
|38||TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorder|
|41||VWD - Von Willebrand Disease|
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