We all know that every person is born with thousands of taste buds and sensory cells which help them to smell and taste different flavors and scents and differentiate between good and bad ones. Metallic taste in mouth is a distasteful experience and interferes with one’s ability to enjoy meals in normal times. Metallic taste in mouth is caused due to infection or aging affecting the normal process. Below are mentioned the causes for metallic taste in mouth and the different ways to treat them –
Causes of Metallic Taste in Mouth
One has the ability to understand number of tastes which include sour, bitter, sweet, salty, spicy and many more. However it has been seen that as age increases the taste buds and sensory cells begin to decrease at a very slow rate. This reduction interferes with the normal process of tasting and smelling and thus causing a wide change. Below are listed numerous reasons because of which one might face metallic taste in mouth –
- Common condition of a person –
Few of the common conditions of a person which play a very important role in altering the taste bud are ageing, dry mouth, breathing with your mouth or smoking.
Pregnancy is known to cause hormonal fluctuations and thus can affect the taste buds. One of the well known hormones that influence a pregnant woman’s taste and food preferences especially in case of pregnancy is Estrogen. Unusual tastes in the mouth such as metallic taste are very common to occur. Pregnant women are more sensitive to odors in the early part of pregnancy. Metallic taste can affect our mouth adversely. Further intake of parental vitamins can also disturb one’s normal taste.
- Dietary factors
A number of dietary factors are known to create metallic taste in mouth. Pine nuts are known to have bitter taste which can be perceived as a metallic taste. A number of plankton eating fishes can cause clupeotoxin poisoning. These fishes include bonefish, sardines, tarpons or herrings. People eating such fishes develop a metallic taste in mouth, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, dry mouth and decrease in blood pressure levels, bluishness of fingers, lips and toes. This poisoning must be treated immediately else it might become fatal. One must consult a doctor immediately if any signs of the same are noticed.
- Infectious diseases
A number of infectious diseases such as flu, cold, sinusitis, upper respiratory tract infections, nasal infection, sore throat or pharygitis, infection in the salivary glands, strep throat or any other viral infections can also cause a metallic taste to develop.
- Medications and procedure
Several medications and procedures are known to alter taste and preferences of a person. These include neurological drugs, consumption of number of antibiotics, drugs to cure thyroid dysfunction, chemotherapy drugs, medications for Alzheimer’s disease, bronchodilators like albuterol, antidepressants like lithium, medications to cure high blood pressure problem, medications for heart failure, tuberculosis drugs like rifampicin or a person undergoing from radiation or chemotherapy or is under anesthesia.
- Trauma or injuries to the mouth
Any kind of trauma or injury to the mouth can change the taste of the mouth. Injuries can have adverse affect on the taste buds in the tongue and thus might create a permanent metallic taste on the tongue. Taste sensation gets misbalanced or injured leading to unpleasant taste. These include burning tongue with hot food which often destroy the tasting cells present in the tongue, cutting your own tongue by mistake, poisoning and other injuries to nose and mouth having adverse affect on both.
- Other types of disorders
Other types of disorders leading to development of metallic taste in mouth are brain damage, using dental appliances such as braces, neurological disorders like bell’s palsy, inflammation of tongue known as glossitis, oral problems such as gingivitis, allergies that might cause stuffy nose, after affects of dental surgeries, allergies causing destruction of taste buds, polyps in nose, surgeries involving mouth, tongue, ear, throat or nose, radiation therapy for cancer in the neck and head, nutritional deficiency such as deficiency of zinc or vitamin B 12, autoimmune disorders such as Sjogren’s syndrome.
Treatments For metallic taste in Mouth
There are several ways in which we can treat the metallic taste in mouth. Metallic taste is a temporary problem and usually goes off on its own or in some chronic cases might require medications. Below are lists of home remedies to treat the metallic taste –
- Maintaining oral hygiene
One should make sure to maintain a proper oral hygiene habit. Make sure you brush your teeth at least two times daily. Even clean your tongue properly after every mouth wash to remove any metallic taste from the tongue.
- Drinking a lot of fluid
Even drinking a lot of fluid can help you to get rid of metallic taste in mouth. Drinking fruit juices, lemonade and water can help you to relieve mouth dryness that lead to metallic taste. So make sure you drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water daily to get do away with metallic taste.
- Eating fruits and vegetables
A number of fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, oranges, lemon and grape fruit, fruit juices and fruit ice, fruit sorbet, smoothies and sherbet can be used to remove metallic taste. In addition to this orange marmalade, salsa, salads, oil based salad dressings, meat sauces, soups such as gazpacho soups or broth based soups disguise the metallic taste in mouth with tart taste.
- Rinsing with salt water
Frequent gargling and mouth rinsing with salt water will help you to get rid of sour metallic taste in the mouth.
- Chewing of condiments
Try chewing a small piece of clove, ginger or cardamom to freshen up your mouth and reduce metallic taste.
- Using baking soda
Try sprinkling some baking soda and salt on your tongue to eliminate the unpleasant taste. You can even mix a little bit of salt with your toothpaste to remove metallic taste.