The HIV is a serious intense condition that can damage or deplete your whole immunity system and even cause life threatening situations for you. The human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is one of the leading causes for AIDS or acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. The main way you contract HIV is by engaging in unprotected sexual coitus. Even blood contact by sharing the needles would cause you the disease. However, a patient suffering from HIV can still lead a long life before contracting AIDS while some people suffering from HIV may never even develop the AIDS syndrome.
HIV Incubation Period- Definition
Incubation period can be defined as the time enclosed between the contraction period and the showing of the first symptoms pertaining to that disease. The time gap between the incurrence and the first symptom to show up for HIV is usually dissected into three stages.
- Acute HIV Infection
After the exposure to this virus, this stage occurs which is literally within the first two to six weeks in between the infection setting in. in this period our body recognizes it as a foreign intruder and launches a fight to combat the encroachment. If diagnosed at this stage, consider the fact that the HIV virus is already in your body and take appropriate medical steps regarding it.
- The HIV incubation period starts with the first two or six weeks as a mark where you will experience a slight flu like symptom occurring. This can last up to two weeks after the exposure to the virus.
- The usual symptoms experienced at around this time are in the form of rashes, vomiting and nausea, headache, fatigue and diarrhea, soreness in throat and possibly a high fever. These symptoms are fueled by the immune system putting up a fight against the foreign encroachment.
- If the virus is caught at this stage, this is just an initial condition which if exposed to proper treatment can easily be reversed. The expansion or growth of the condition can be prevented and you can eradicate the disease all together.
- 2. Chronic HIV Infection
Now comes the second stage to the HIV incubation period where the symptoms you were experiencing earlier seem to be fade away. However, the virus is still present in your body as it depletes your immune system step by step each day. you may experience the flu like symptoms or catch a cold and then recover from it without any delay owing thanks to the parts of the immunity system that are still intact.
- This incubation period can last up to a good ten year or more and even decades before another HIV symptom is recognized. However, during this incubation period transfer or transmission of the disease from one to another is very likely a condition.
- The second stage of the incubation period usually doesn’t come with many symptoms. However, years later a symptom such as a fever or a swollen lymph node can be identified. Steady weight loss or fatigue and lethargy may be persistent. Oral yeast infection or repeated shingles or herpes and even diarrhea symptoms can be identified.
- AIDS Infection
- By now the HIV virus has rummaged through your entire immunity system and has damaged or exposed you to the point where contraction of any infection or disease is likely to be a hassle free affair. The doctor would tell you that the progressive nature of the HIV virus is very likely to make a pathway for the AIDS virus to grow in you owing its presence to the CD4 cells of your body. If the CD4 cell count drops below 200 per cubic millimeter of blood, you are likely to be considered an AIDS patient as well. However, if you are already on the medication course the progression of the HIV virus may never reach to that point.
- Symptoms: The symptoms in this incubation period will worsen with each day as the prolonged fever will not convert into breakout of night sweats, more swelling in the lymph nodes, extreme loss of weight and shortness of breath, lethargy and tiredness, chronic diarrhea, yeast infections may occur in the throat, mouth or the genital areas. Purple bruise like spots or easy bruising and uncontrolled bleeding may occur.
- Treatment: If the AIDs virus has already set in and you are still not working out a medical course, chances seem very slim right now. Without a proper shot at treatment, the patient with progressive HIV or AIDS by now has a span of three years to survival. If any unfortunate infection shows up the time span can wind down to simply a year’s notice. However, a cocktail or medical drug to boost up your immunity at this time will allow you to combat AIDS in a more stable way. These medications usually come with a list of serious side effects but the end results are quite promising since they can add a few more years to your life.
HIV incubation period- How does HIV Infection spread?
HIV infection can be spread or contracted through many ways. The most transmission of virus from one to another is caused right during the HIV incubation period. The transmission mainly occurs through contact of unprotected genitals like engaging in anal or vaginal sexual intercourse without protection. Also sharing of the same needles or engaging in oral sexual pleasures can transmit the virus from one to another. Often a mother with the virus in her can pass on the virus to the child she bears inside. However, this is quite a rare case. Even breastfeeding should be taken into account. If you use unhygienic equipments during piercing or tattoos, you may expose yourself to the risk of contracting HIV.
However, transmission of the virus even throughout the incubation period cannot be passed on by drinking in the same cup or using the same food. You can share your food, swim in the same pool, shake hands or hug. Animals too can be interacted with even if you have the HIV virus in you. Only the exchange of bodily fluids such as sexual fluids or blood can cause this infection to pass from one to another.
The video below will give you some more insight into the working mechanism of HIV.