Everyone once in awhile has to face a problem when they see little, ugly and hard bumps on face. We don’t want to face people with those unwanted guests and try to hide them behind our makeup. Some are quite harmless, and will go away on their own. But some are quite dangerous, and may be a sign of some health problems and a doctor must be consulted, if the bumps persist. They’ll help us recognize the cause and treatment of the unsightly bumps. Let us discuss some of them.
Symptoms of Hard Bumps on Face
Hard bumps on face can occur in one or more forms:
Small, firm white bumps
Enlarged oil glands
Red hard bumps on the face that are often very itchy
Hard bumps on face oozing liquid
Hard bumps on the nose
Red, raised bumps around lips and lower part of the face
Causes and Treatments of Hard Bumps on Face
Acne :- Acne is the most common form of hard bumps on face. Pimples and blackheads are some forms of acne. About 80%of the teenagers have them at some time or the other. They are caused by the acne nodules and cysts. Blackheads are caused when the dead skin gets into the pores of the skin and blocks them. These dead skin cells are treated by the immune system of the body as foreign objects, causing them to become inflamed. This causes the bumps to become pussy and painful. These are called pimples. They are sensitive to touch and may stay with you for a week or so. One should always resist touching them or scratching them, or they’ll leave behind ugly marks. They usually occur on the forehead, nose cheeks on chin. These majorly affect the people with more oily skin.
Home Remedies: To avoid getting more acne a proper skin care regime has to be followed. Wash the face with a mild face wash or an antiseptic wash at least twice so that the dead skin cells and excess oil are cleaned away. When the acne is present, scrubbing should be avoided and some over the counter anti-acne creams should be applied on the bumps. Benzoyl peroxide (it kills the bacteria, and unplug the clogged pores), Retinoids (unplugs the pores and reduces inflammation, Azelaic Acid (causes less skin irritation and is softer on the skin than the other two), are some good examples of acne treating medicines.
Medical Treatment: However, if you are prone to a regular acne problem, visiting a good dermatologist is a wise option. They may prescribe some changes in eating habits, face wash , and also some topical antibiotics, which will help to reduce bacteria, and inflammation. They may also be helpful in reducing the scarring from the acne.
Sebaceous Cysts :- Sebaceous cysts are non-cancerous, small and slow-growing bumps under the skin. They are also called steatocystoma simplex. They look like a dome. Their origin is the sebaceous gland and is filled with a liquid called sebum. They are quite rare. Although the term Sebaceous cyst if often used for the more common cyst like an epidermoid and pilar cyst. Generally, they are not painful, unless it becomes inflamed, and demands treatment. They may occur anywhere on the face, neck, back, or near the genital organs.
Medical Treatment: Removal of the cyst through surgery is the only option to cure it. The doctors apply local anaesthesia around the cyst and sterilise them before operating. He would squeeze keratin around the cyst and then uses forceps will pull out the cyst. A scar will stay in the cyst area. Some oral antibiotics are prescribed post operation.
Home Remedies: The waxy liquid called sebum inside the cyst can be drained out from the cyst by softening it with hot compresses like hot pads, or hot water bottles, for about 10 days.. This helps the area to drain and heal. After softening it, mild pressure around the are will expel the sebum. But sometimes these may cause infection if not done properly. It that case visits a doctor immediately. (For more information on Sebaceous cyst Click here.)
Ingrown Hair :- People with curly hair are more prone to this kind of hard bumps on the face. Sometimes, as the hair comes out of the follicles, it may curl back and enter the soft skin and gets trapped inside. On occasion, a dead skin pigment on the skin may not allow the hair to come out and it stays on the skin. The hairs that stay below the skin instead of coming out, cause ingrown hair. Even after shaving, sometimes the sharpened hard hair curls and pierces the skin and enters the skin. All these cause the irritating and hard bumps. The immunity system of the body treats these hairs as foreign invaders and attack them causing itch and make it uncomfortable. (To know about ingrown hair in pubic area Click here.)
Proper Skin Care: The process includes scrubbing of the dead skin over the hair, with a mild soap so as to release the trapped hair. Sometimes, if the ingrown hair is not treated on time, it may become infected, swollen and painful. Doctors may prescribe some steroid medicines to bring down the inflammation. Retinoids are also given to remove dead skin cells. He may also give you some oral antibiotics.
Proper shaving technique can help. Softening the hairs with a warm cloth is advisable before shaving. Using a clean and sharp blade will ensure a fast shave without too many strokes on the same area. Wash the razor after every stroke. Using a good quality shaving lotion or gel is also vital because they contain hair softening agents. It will ensure a smooth and close shave. After shaving lotions or a cool compress will help to soothe the area and prevent irritation.
Milia :- The Milia or milium cyst is the hard bump that often appears in groups around the nose or on cheeks. The cause of Milia is still unknown, although in newborns it is thought to be triggered due to the mother’s hormones. They are filled with keratin, which is a form of protein. It is white in colour.
How to Treat: The Milia are not painful. But they are not pleasant to the eyes. The treatment of Milia can be at home or by a doctor. It is generally deroofed, by a sterile needle, and the keratin is squeezed out. Some medications like retinoids can be administered at times. When the Milia is nearer to the eyes, on the soft skin, the process should be done very carefully. In a newborn treatment is not needed. They go away within a week.
How to Remove the Bump: In small Milia, the above process will remove them, i.e. breaking open the skin and eliminating the liquid. The hard bump will go away.Larger Milia, on the other hand, are not as easy. It should be cleaned first, and then pierced with a sterilised safety pin or needle to create a hole. Squeeze out the keratin inside. It may sometimes be accompanied by a minor bleeding. Application of some antiseptic after the process is advisable.
Allergy Reaction :- Some allergies are minor, some life taking. Whatever type it may be, hard bumps break out on the face have to be treated. Anaphylaxis is a severe life-threatening allergy, which causes hard bumps on face. It is very dangerous. Hives and bumps on face, swelling of the lip and tongue are some of its symptoms. People with allergy problems like asthma are prone to these type of reactions. These allergies may be because of foods, insect bites, or some sort of medications. The patient needs immediate medical treatment.
How to Treat: If you have an allergy reaction, a visit to the dermatologist is necessary. They may prescribe some antibiotics and ask you to do some tests, to determine what your body is allergic to. The foods etc which may cause those reactions must be avoided at all costs. The bumps are only the symptoms in such cases. The medicines should be taken as prescribed.
Skin Cancer :- The most commonly known sign of a skin cancer is, hard bumps on face that do not heal. They are sore and oozes out blood and pus after a minor trauma. They often grow slowly, under the skin, in a dome shape, but may become painful and bloody after a few days. Alteration in genes, and excessive sun exposure can cause skin cancer.
If these symptoms persist, one should immediately consult a dermatologist. After some biopsy and some medical tests he will be able to determine the cause of the bumps are cancerous or not.
How to Treat: If you are diagnosed with skin cancer, you may have to undergo radiotherapy and chemotherapy depending upon the stage.
Mosquito Bite Allergy :- A mosquito bite and a mosquito bite allergy are two different things. When a female mosquito lands on a person’s skin and inserts her proboscis to draw the person’s blood, red hard bumps begin to form and itching begins to start. These bumps are not not a result of the bite but an opposing reaction of the body’s immune system to the saliva of the mosquito.
How to Treat: The following methods can be used to treat a Mosquito Bite Allergy:
A hydrocortisone cream
A cold water bath without soap
A cold pack
Cold Sores :- Cold sores are red hard bumps on face which are red and filled with fluid. They are caused by a common virus named herpes simplex and can spread from one person to another. (To know whether your bump is cold sore or pimple Click here.)
How to Treat: The following methods can be used to treat Cold Sores:
Antiviral Creams and Ointments
Oral Antiviral Medications
Home Remedies or Natural Agents like Aloe Vera Gel and Petroleum Jelly can be used to treat cold sores.
Scabies :- Hard bumps on face can also be formed due to Scabies, a skin infection caused by a tiny mite called Sarcoptes Scabiei. These microorganisms breed on the skin and even lay their eggs below the skin resulting in redness, formation of bumps and severe itching.
How to Treat: Scabies can be treated using antimicrobial creams, lotions and ointments. Your doctor may also prescribe medication like antihistamines (Benadryl or Pramoxine Lotion), steroid creams and antibiotic creams and ointments.
Skin Tag: A skin tag is a harmless growth on the skin of the face. They can be one or more in number and usually appear as hard bumps on face. They are made of small tissues that are composed of blood vessels and a protein fiber called collagen. They are harmless in nature and can also grow in other parts of the body like breasts, neck, hands and thighs.
How to Treat: These growths generally do not require any treatment. In rare cases, they can become red and start itching. The only way to get rid of them is using surgical removal.
Chickenpox :- Chickenpox is a viral disease which often affects children. It is characterized by fluid-filled, red blisters which are very painful. This infection is also marked by hard bumps on face and other parts of the body including the scalp.
How to Treat: There is no treatment as such for Chickenpox and the only way to provide relief is manage the symptoms. Topical ointments and creams are used to relieve severe itching and the patient is also advised to bathe with lukewarm water.