Our skin is one of the most important parts of our body and demands good care and nourishment from time to time. There are several problems related to the skin that often go unnoticed, some of them indicating or warning us about serious diseases. Ecchymosis is one such skin ailment about which not many people know.
Definition:- It is the discoloration of the skin resulting from bleeding underneath the skin, usually a result of trauma to blood vessels or bruising.
It is a skin problem that is characterized by a red or blue discoloration of the skin. It does not appear to be raised like acne and is a result of one or more underlying medical conditions. Ecchymosis is not a bruise, though it appears to be like one. It is a subcutaneous spot which is a result of blood fleeing into the tissues from broken blood vessels. It is usually bigger than 1 cm in and in some cases as big as 4-5 cm.
It’s Important to Distinguish between a Bruise and Ecchymosis
To get the right treatment and medications from your doctor, it is highly essential to distinguish between a bruise and Ecchymosis. A bruise is clearly a result of blood leaking into a thin layer of skin as a result of trauma while Ecchymosis is caused by leaking of blood from ruptured blood vessels and is a seldom a result of an underlying medical condition or complication.
Purpura and Ecchymosis
Purpura is usually a purplish patch of skin which is also a result of leaking of blood from ruptured blood vessels into a thin layer of skin and a bigger size Purpura is known as Ecchymosis.
It usually occurs in the skin and mucous membranes and is rarely found in other organs of the body. Though there are certain symptoms that clearly indicate that a person is suffering from Ecchymosis, there are few symptoms that may be a result of previous or on-going medical conditions which resulted in Ecchymosis. Hence, it is important to distinguish between the two before you arrive at a conclusion and begin self-treatment.
The general symptoms are:
If you are facing any of these symptoms i.e. a prominent patch of discoloured skin which does not seem to get better even after 5-6 days, visit a doctor immediately.
It is not a disease, disorder, condition or syndrome. It is simply a symptom of one or more underlying conditions that need immediate medical attention. The pattern of Ecchymosis varies from person to person. In some cases is it absolutely mild and sometimes even goes unnoticed while in case of people having serious medical conditions, it can be really complex and painful.
Ecchymosis is not a life threatening condition and one should not get panicky about it. For instance, it can occur during waxing sessions at a salon. In case of women who have loose skin, waxing is sometimes a very painful experience. Pulling off the waxing strip without holding the skin tightly can cause Ecchymosis instantly.
Check out this list of some serious diseases and disorders that can cause Ecchymosis and require immediate medical attention and treatment:
Multiple Myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells in the body. These cells are found in the bone marrow and are very significant as regards the immune system. Anomalous growth of these cells is called Multiple Myloma which is a life threatening disease. Presence of aberration in the blood due to abnormal growth of plasma cells often leads to Ecchymosis.
Leukaemia is another form of blood cancer which not only involves the blood cells but also the tissues. It can be acute and chronic and in case of chronic leukaemia, some people do not get any symptoms because of which the disease often goes unnoticed. Bleeding and bruising are some of the symptoms of this disease which finally lead to Ecchymosis. The increase in the level of wbc (white blood cells) enhances the growth of Ecchymosis.
ACUTE RENAL FAILURE
Acute Renal Failure is a complete degeneration of the kidney which ultimately results in the loss of vital functions. As the kidney stops expelling waste products from the body, their accumulation starts in the blood resulting in Ecchymosis.
Liver Cirhossis is caused when the liver starts degenerating and functioning abnormally. The impairment of liver causes high degree of changes in the blood’s composition which ultimately displays itself in the form of Ecchymosis.
It is important to keep a note of your symptoms and discuss them with your doctors before the diseases become life threatening. Ecchymosis comes as a very handy sign and symptom in early detection of some of the diseases mentioned above.
GREY TURNER’S SYNDROME
Grey Turner’s Syndrome refers to the discoloration of skin in the area of the body between the last rib and the starting of the hip. It is a bluish-purplish discoloration which is the result of retroperitoneal haemorrhage or bleeding of the lining of the abdominal cavity.
Some other causes include:
In most of the cases, it does not require treatment and resolves on its own at home. In case of stinging pain and acute inflammation, it requires treatment which may include the treatment of the main cause of the reaction i.e. the underlying medical condition which gave birth to it.
Below are some practices that may come handy in the treatment of Ecchymosis:
Application of ice packs/compresses blocks the leaking of blood from ruptured vessels which helps in preventing Ecchymosis to spread to other areas of the skin. Simply take a commercial ice pack or put some ice in a plastic bag, cover it with a towel or thick cloth and apply it on the bruised area. Cold compress also helps in reducing inflammation and pain.
Doing rest is one of the most important practices in the treatment of Ecchymosis. It helps the tissue heal on its own and repair which in turn prevents Ecchymosis from spreading further.
Elevating the affected area helps in gaining proper blood flow and reducing inflammation.
Consult your doctor for pain relievers like ibuprofen and other analgesics. Remember not to take any medication without consulting your doctor as it can lead to other fatal side effects.
Simply applying slight pressure on the affected area or gently massaging it can prevent bleeding.
Last and indeed the most important point, get your check-ups done and visit your doctor or GP to know more about an underlying condition that caused Ecchymosis. Treatment of such ailments can also help in preventing Ecchymosis.
If you are dealing with Ecchymosis, you must follow a healthy balanced diet for nourishment of the body and quick healing.
WHEN TO CONTACT A PHYSICIAN?
Immediately contact your health care provider, if you notice any of the following:
Below are some of the pictures that will help you in understanding what does it look like:
Tags: Ecchymosis Causes, Ecchymosis Pictures, Ecchymosis Remedies, Ecchymosis Symptoms, Ecchymosis Treatment
All Rights Reserved |