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Drug Induced Psychosis

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What is Drug Induced Psychosis?

Psychosis is an issue that should not be meddled with at all and is something that you would not want to have on a regular basis because it makes a person lose touch with reality which is something that causes delusions and a false reality that could be proving detrimental to the person in the long run. One of the things that you need to understand about drug induced psychosis is that it can happen only when you have psychedelic drugs so it is best to stay away from any form of these drugs to stay healthy.

Drug Induced Psychosis- Drug Names and Repercussions

The drugs induced psychosis creates such an environment for the patient that you as a victim may find it difficult to establish contact and maintain it with your surrounding environment.  According to a study released by Psychiatric Times, almost 74% of the victims suffering from this condition had a past history or substance abuse. Almost 62% out of them has been a victim to alcohol and drug abuse.

In a state of drug induced psychosis more people tend to have hallucinations and delusions which are both auditory and visual. Many people develop a psychotic disorder owing to the substance abuse. Almost 7% to 25% patients end up being diagnosed for psychotic episodes once again owing to the drug abuse in the past.

The list below tells you about the various drugs that have a vital role to play in psychosis.

 

Category

Drug Name
Inhalants
  • Toluene
  • Gasoline
  • Butan
OTC Drugs
  • Dextromethorphan
  • Antihistamines
  • Cold Medicines
Hallucinogens
  • PCP (Phencyclidine) or Angel Drug
  • Ketamine
  • LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide)
Prescription Drugs
  • Isotretinoin (Accutane)
  • Decarboxylase Inhibitors
  • Antipsychotics
  • Anticholinergics
  • Fluoroquinolones
  • Corticosteroids
  • Antiepileptics
Stimulants
  • Methamphetamines
  • Cocaine
  • Methylphenidate
  • Amphetamines
  • Khat
Synthetic Drugs
  • Mephedrone (“Bath Salts”)
  • Synthetic Cannabinoids
  • MDMA (Ecstasy)
Others
  • Marijuana
  • Barbiturates
  • Opioids
  • Benzodiazepine

Drug Induced Psychosis Symptoms

It is quite difficult to differentiate at times the symptoms of psychosis is caused by a drug user or because the user has stopped using drugs but has used drugs in the past but there are a few symptoms that are provided below.

  1. Symptom Vary from person to person

There are a few well known symptoms that are triggered with excessive drug abuse but the most astonishing fact is that symptoms are unique from person to person in this regard because each person has a different way of reacting to the drugs in question making it a little harder to diagnose though it is not that difficult.

  1. Generalized Symptoms
  • The initial stages of drug induced psychosis usually include symptoms like depression, concentration or focus loss, changes in the sleeping habit or suspiciousness.
  • A set of some of the common symptoms at this time would be- aggressive behavior, elevated heart rates, change in blood pressure, change in body temperature, pupil dilation, tremors and rapid breathing, diarrhea and sleep apnea, psychomotor agitation or restlessness.
  • The later stages of psychosis would include hallucinations, severe depression, suicidal thoughts, delusions and difficulty in functioning properly.
  1. Symptom Recognition after Abstinence

At times the symptoms may last long even after you have abstained drugs. In this case the psychosis was not induced by drugs but other factors. If we are talking about drug induced psychosis, the symptoms such as schizophrenic behaviors usually fade away or start depleting once you go off course and keep away from the drug. However, patients suffering from elongated drug abuse or grave intensities may experience the symptoms latched on to you even after your abstinence period.

Drug Induced Psychosis Treatments

If the symptoms show no relation to the mental disorder that you may have possessed before the drug abuse started, there are other particular ways to make yourself better. Some of the treatment techniques for the drug induced psychosis therefore will be:

  1. Get Rid of the Drug

The drug type may vary. It can either be cocaine or cannabis or any other sort but the prior steps to repair and recovery always starts with discontinuation of the drug abuse that has caused the psychosis symptoms in the first place. If you do not do so, the recovery pattern will never come to be and the experiences with psychosis may get worse.

All legal or illegal drugs need to be kept away unless your doctor advices you against it. Alcohol, caffeine, nicotine and substances as such may stand as an obstacle in your recovery process. Hence, it is for the best if you keep away from them as well.

  1. Alleviate Your Symptoms

The root cause is what treatment depends on and so does the drug induced psychosis.

  • There have been some cases when the root cause had nothing to do with drugs. This is especially applicable for those who have suffered with a pre-existing mental disorder where the doctors keep you sober and sane for weeks on end.
  • The most common treatment would be a very low dose of antipsychotics prescribed to you by your doctor to help you contain or relieve the serious symptoms. These medical drugs would assist you by helping you stabilize your dopamine levels and thereby ensuring your mental state is healthy.
  • Psychosis can also be induced by a standard therapeutic drug which is on prescription. Even though this is a rare case, your doctor would lower the dosage of the drug or advice against continuation to prevent the psychosis from taking over.
  1. Counteract the Effects

The doctor needs to monitor and diagnose the mechanism of the drug that has induced the psychosis in the first place. Then he would prescribe to you a medical drug to counter act the effects caused by the first drug. If the drug in the question has inhibited reuptake of the dopamine, your doctor may prescribe to you a receptor antagonist. This would allow you to manage your symptoms in a more relaxed pace by reducing the effects of the dopamine. Since most of the drug induced psychosis has a relation with excess production of dopamine, the best treatment to work on is the antipsychotics.

  1. Try Therapy

If you or someone related to you is undergoing a drug induced psychosis seek medical assistance immediately. Often the patients or the suffer may be exposed to life threatening effects caused by the drug abuse and may stay delirious or in a sabotaged state of mind almost all the time. With medical assistance, you can stabilize the situation or tend to other symptoms such as elevated heart rate, change in the beating rhythm, high blood pressure or even fever.

Help from a psychotherapist can help you break out of the psychotic behavioral pattern and may help you make cognitive changes in your health and behavior. By doing so your therapist also becomes aware of the danger levels that the patient may suffer with.

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