Dermoid Cyst Definition and Meaning :- It is a pouch like growth present at birth which contains debris like teeth, hair, liquid, or extra skin glands that are found in the skin.
It is an abnormal growth or a benign tumor which is also called a teratoma. It is made up of structures like teeth, hair, skin glands or fluid.
It can be found in different organs or parts of the body like ovaries, spine, nasal canal, brain or the neck and can start growing much before the baby is even born. It can grow in the womb itself and cannot be prevented.
It is a very slow growing cyst and can go unnoticed until a child grows into an adult. Some Dermoid cysts require treatment depending upon the location of occurrence and effects while some do not cause any problems and can be left untreated.
Based on the location of growth, a dermoid cyst can be of the following types:
The size of a dermoid cyst can range from a few centimetres to up to 50 centimetres in diameter. In case of ovaries, sometimes these cysts are so large that they can cause the ovary to twist (torsion) and block its blood supply.
Characteristics of a Dermoid Cyst
Most of the dermoid cysts do not show any symptoms. However, the list of symptoms widely depends upon the location of occurrence of the cyst. Some possible symptoms are:
A dermoid cyst forms from a totipotential germ cell that is retained within the ovary. This particular cell is responsible for the formation of all sorts of mature tissues and body structures like bone, hair, tissue and body fluids.
Dermoid cysts can be diagnosed at any age, but the time of development is during the childbirth phase.
The first doctor that you will visit, after discovering your dermoid cyst will most likely be your general physician or family doctor. However, after diagnostic tests and other findings, you may be referred to a specialist based on the location of occurrence of the cyst. For the brain, you may be referred to a neurologist, for the spine, you may be referred to an orthopaedic surgeon and for the ovary you may be referred to a gynaecologist. In case of a nasal cyst, an ENT surgeon will be the right choice.
When to visit a doctor?
You may need to visit a doctor immediately if any of the symptoms are seen:
How to prepare yourself for the appointment?
Your first appointment can take place at your general physician’s clinic. Follow the below instructions that maybe helpful for a fruitful appointment:
Once your doctor is sure that you have a dermoid cyst, you will be asked to undergo proper screening which may include a series of diagnostic tests and findings. Your doctor may ask you questions related to your family history, past medical difficulties and list of current medications. Based on the results of initial medical tests and examination, your doctor may recommend further testing and treatment:
Once the doctor confirms the presence of a dermoid cyst, further treatment may not be required in some cases. However, if the cyst becomes painful and causes discomfort or one of more severe symptoms mentioned above, your doctor may recommend the following treatment:
Surgical removal is required when the symptoms are severe and the cyst is accompanied by one or more complications. Surgery should be carried out very carefully as the fatty content of the cyst may spread to the surrounding tissues causing severe infection in case the cyst is affected by bacteria.
In case of occurrence of dermoid cysts in complicated areas like the tongue or the lower part of the mouth, minimal invasive surgeries have been successful.
Ovarian dermoid cyst, spinal dermoid cyst and dermoid cysts in the brain are most difficult to treat. Highly experienced gynaecologists or neurologists are appointment to carry of the removal surgery in such cases.
There are numerous home remedies that are really helpful in getting rid of dermoid cyst without surgery. They are:
Garlic and Margosa leaves :- One of the most effective ways of getting rid of dermoid cysts is a paste of garlic and margosa leaves. The paste has fabulous anti-inflammatory properties from garlic and magical anti-bacterial properties from margosa leaves.
Rice Hot Compress :- This is another popular home remedy for dermoid cysts that are present superficially.
How to use:
Cabbage Leaves :- Over the years, cabbage leaves have proved to be a very helpful remedy for treating superficial dermoid cysts. It helps in reducing the size of the dermoid cyst and pain.
How to use:
Tea Tree Oil :- This can be used to reduce the size of the cyst and protect it from any sort of bacterial infection. The concentration of tea tree oil should be at 5%. It is also effective in case of other cysts like pilonidal cyst, ganglion cyst and pilar cyst.
Apply Heat Compress :- You can use hot water bottles or heating pads to provide relief from pain. Also, warm water showers can be really helpful in reducing pain and discomfort. This remedy is also helpful in case of pilonidal cysts and ganglion cysts.
Homeopathic Measures :- Homeopathic medicines like Silicia and Hedpar Sulph are used to treat almost all cysts naturally. They cause the cyst to shrink and disappear without the need of any medicine or surgical procedure.
There are several possible complications of dermoid cysts. Some of them are:
Check out these pictures of a dermoid cyst that will help you understand what it exactly is and how it appears.
Image 1 :- A superficial dermoid cyst on the left eyebrow of a young child
Image 2 :- Bilateral dermoid cysts
Image 3 :- Contents of a dermoid cyst
Image 4 :- Ovarian Dermoid Cyst PictureTags: dermoid cyst causes, dermoid cyst definition, dermoid cyst diagnosis, dermoid cyst home remedies, dermoid cyst pictures, dermoid cyst remedies, dermoid cyst symptoms, dermoid cyst treatment, what is dermoid cyst
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