What causes pain during menstruation?

During each menstrual period, if there is no sperm to fertilize the egg, the uterus contracts to eject its coating. This procedure is driven by the release of hormone-like substances called prostaglandins, which is connected with pain and inflammation in more elevated amounts. These uterine contractions cause the greater part of the pain during menstruation due to the fact that the contractions inhibit blood stream to the lining of the uterus (the endometrium).

Likewise, substances known as leukotrienes are additionally raised during period, and they might be the reason for menstrual spasms.

A few other reasons includes:
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Adenomyosis
  • Pelvic incendiary sickness (PID)
  • Cervical stenosis
 

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