Factors Affecting Child Development

Factors Affecting Child Development

Child development is an important stage that every people need to go through this period. This is an attitude developing stage under which a child is trained to learn the way of treating with someone else. Moreover, they are given the lesson of the walk, talk, sit and other basic necessary approaches they need to conduct in their daily life. The five major developing areas in the age of childhood are revised here under this section.

  1. Emotional and social development.
  2. Development on the section of language or speech.
  3. Cognitive development
  4. Development of gross motor skill
  5. Development of fine motor skill

This development under the process of child growth is important as it builds the platform for your child to learn the behavior according to the social rule. It emerges the effect on whole life and it is not by default. This kind of biological and psychological development of your child is going to prolong the mental fitness and is generally introduced in the initial five years of life. It depends on the social ambiance; the child is living and on the interaction is made with him or her as well. A recent survey has shown that over the count of 200 million children on this growing stage fails to meet the required training of awareness mental action and cognitive potential. In order to make your children suitable for struggling and for surviving in this world, you need to take care of the environment of his or her to provide the best flexibility for growth.

Significance of Child Development

Development is a natural phenomenon that occurs during the age of five in the growing children. As much as she or he grows older, starts to grab the cup of mental, emotional, physical, social and biological development. In this regard, the initial five years are treated as the crucial stage and most typical one also. That is why, it is been considered as the foundation of children’s life based on which he or she learns to react in every possible condition such as happiness, health, growth, development, learning ability and much more.

The relevant research on this study has developed the phenomenal rule of providing exact training to the children, how and when according to their need. The very first 3 years are the period when the brain needs to be developed availing the actual structure of the mind. More accurately saying, these three years are the accurate time when a child needs to achieve your attention with the proper process of children training.

Factors Affecting Child Development

  1. Genes and Environment

The development of human brain depends on a comprehensive interaction between the eyesight experience and the body (Genes). This is absolutely a natural way in that a child can develop his or her awareness.

The body is an important part of this training, which will play the vital role according to the environment. It a nature via nurture or nature vs nurture program. What it means actually is that the children development can be fully blamed neither on this genes nor on the environment. However, the children need to be grown up in this same environment. By this above-mentioned factor, it is been granted that both the gene and environment has equal and important participation in the growth of children.

2.Early nutrition

Considering the development of children’s health, nutrition is another essential term that can come out as a large factor in near future. Nevertheless, the good nutrition is not only the factor that plays a role in this health program, but also the different environmental condition and relevant experiences are also similar important in this regard. Moreover, by elaborating the role of factors, it has been found that the intensity and duration of those conditions have a greater impact than that of the term.

Apart from children’s nutrition, parents are also asked to do the same to provide the best health to their children. Furthermore, the activity and well behavior can encourage your children to lead their life from the front.

3.Early Attachment

The effect of relationships is widely seen in the life of your children. Nobody can deny the importance of that, however, some come out as good while others as bad. The bad relationship between the parents can create an adverse impact on the social development of your child.

So many factors in a family are there to be discussed for which children could face a terrible growth. It can make sluggish the development or sometimes can block the process of life building.

It is important for the parents to ensure that the children are on the right track towards the formation of early attachments. However, more importantly, it is important to be prepared to handle all kinds of difficulties along with obstacles, which might otherwise cut the attachments. So more than forming an attachment, it is crucial to hold onto it while also regaining it after it is lost makes a huge difference in the development of the child.

  1. Culture

Culture is extremely important and it acts as influencing factor for the growth of the child. It usually comes from the observation of how his or family and the environment behave. It is imperative that the parents are completely aware what they are showing to the children. It indirectly pushes them towards the customers that are different from their own or simply bad for them.

  1. The Balance of Risk and protective factors

A parent wants to protect the child from each danger whenever they sense the word risk anywhere. This can be extremely harmful to the development of the child as it is formed largely by being exposed to a wide array of protective and risk factors. A child should be naturally allowed to experience risk.

The risks do not only include biological but also psychological and environmental, which further leads to poor and negative outcomes. Protective factors are all the factors, which a child usually develops while responding to the risks.

It is important for the parent to let go while making the child understand what a natural risk is. If this does not take place, then they are at a risk of being overprotective of the children.

  1. Parenting

Parenting is important where certain rules and standards are set out for the children to follow. It is essential for them to know that what is being expected out of them.

However, while there are good programming programs, there are shady programs as well. The shady programs claim to speed up the development of the child by providing more than it can be chewed. This further has an adverse effect on the development of the child, which makes it important to research.

  1. Specialist Services

In some situations, the child is in need of outside help to develop in a proper manner. This, in no way, means that you have not performed your job well or that the child is to be blamed. Some children are in need of special attention, which comprises of children with special needs.

There is a wide array of early intervention programs, which are extremely effective while also being an affordable option.

The implication states here is that the parents need to be aware of the children while getting them the help they need, as they appear to need it. This further increases the chances to recover from any kind of issues without causing any long-term or permanent damage.

Green Poop in Toddlers

Green Poop in Toddlers

Your stool is an excellent way to show the overall health of your body and this is especially useful in children though not always accurate. For children it is not easy to gauge whether their health is affected or the colour of their stool is due to something they ate because children have the habit of putting almost everything in their mouth which is then passed out in their stool affecting the colour. Though this is the case most of the time in some cases the colour of green poop in toddlers may be an underlying issue that could accelerate in the long run needing immediate attention.

Click here to know about White Poop in Toddler

Causes of Green Poop in Toddlers

Its important for your kids overall health that you found out what is causing the green poop. Toddlers love to put everything in their mouth as mentioned above so it could be anything but it does require your attention. Given below are a few instances that cause green poop in toddlers.

  1. Meconium

It is quite normal to see that newborn babies in the first few days of their lives pass meconium based stool that is rich in all the things that the baby digested when it was in the womb and may include bile, water, and amniotic fluid and so on. The stool turns yellow and green in the first three days of birth after the baby starts to digest breast milk.

  1. Dietary Causes

One of the most important things that affect the colour of stool in children is the dietary intake. There are many foods out there that can actually contribute towards green poop in toddlers which may include green vegetables or any foods that have artificial green colouring like ice cream and so on. The best way to make sure that the green colour is caused by dietary intake is to cut your baby off this food for a few days to see if the poop turns normal again.

  1. Medication and Supplement

Stool colour can change to green due to a number of medical reasons as well such as artificial supplements, vitamins that are green in colour and medication in general that has a green base to it. it is also seen that a baby’s poop turns green in colour due to the use o f laxatives to help a baby go to the toilet easily which speeds up the process to a great extent causing green poop in toddlers. Medications play an important role at times in causing this phenomenon.

  1. Diarrhea

For the children suffering with diarrhea this is a common issue because at this time your stool is bright green in colour because it does not spend enough time in the stomach in order go through the digestive system in a proper manner due to rapid transit caused by the diarrhea.

  1. Bile Secretion

Decreased time in the colon for transit of bile causes rapid transit that does not allow the bile that is naturally green to mix into the poop and turn brown in order to facilitate a normal defecation of brown stool. Since the bile is green before it mixes into the intestine you will see that the poop is green as well due to excessive bile secretion which slows down the system.

  1. Food Poisoning

The digestive tract of a child is much more sensitive than an adult’s and is much more susceptible to issues that are caused by food poisoning. The most common bacterial infection seen in children that causes food poisoning is E. Coli which causes stool to turn shades of light to dark green and is the main reason for green poop in toddlers. It is necessary to visit a professional if you see the symptoms are lasting for over 3 days.

  1. Other Health Disorders

There are many other issues as well that can cause green poop in toddlers which may include crohn’s disease, mal-absorption of bile, presence of mucus in stool and so on. Even ulcerative colitis and acid build up may cause green poop in toddlers and may require immediate attention before the issue builds up again.

Cautions for Green Poop in Toddlers

  1. When to See a Doctor

It is seen at times that a child passing green stool at times also has an underlying issue with disease which must be treated immediately. Given below are a few issues that could rise up with green poop in toddlers:

  • Weight loss (Unexpected)
  • Bloating
  • Diarrhea
  • Indigestion
  • Gas/flatulence
  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Foul-smelling stools
  • Mucus present in the stool
  • Burning sensation in the rectum
  • Hard or Soft stool i.e change in the consistency of stool

It is always safer to evaluate a child’s green stool and put it up against the issues that are mentioned above to see if the child is suffering from any underlying issues as well. In an event where a child is suffering from abdominal cramps, decreased urine output, bloating or any other of the issues that are mentioned above along with the defecation of green poop then it is very necessary that the child be taken to the hospital immediately.

  1. Pay Attention to Dehydration

It is quite often seen that a child suffering from diarrhoea may run the risk of dehydration as well. It is important at all times that this issues should be avoided and in the event of dehydrated the child must be taken for medical help immediately.

  • There are a few signs of dehydration that you must take into account at all times which may include loose or watery green poop, absence of tears when crying, excessively wet diapers and so on.
  • It is important to prevent dehydration in the event of Diarrhoea with the help of oral electrolytes which provides the essential fluids, salt and nutrients that your body needs to help fight dehydration. It is important that you take your doctors help immediately in the event that your child is unable to keep food down, is passing discoloured stool for more than a couple of days or is running a stagnant fever.

Gastroenteritis in Babies

Gastroenteritis in Babies

Gastroenteritis in babies is more commonly known as “the stomach flu” or just “the flu”. While both the terms usually speak of the “influenza”, these usually targets different parts or areas of the body. Where the simple flu usually condones to the respiratory system, the stomach flu on the other hand would suggest a viral infection of the digestion tract. Based on its bacterial or viral nature, we can restrict the sources of this flu to contaminated water or stale improper food conditions. Owing to the fact that the immune system is rather weak or unsettled for the first few years of your life, it is rather a common guess that the most patients of this kind are infants or babies, basically young aged. Once they hit the 3 year mark, the immune system in them reboots thereby making immune to contraction of gastroenteritis disease.

The Symptoms and Causes For Gastroenteritis in Babies

As mentioned prior, gastroenteritis in babies is basically a type of inflammation that usually causes effect on the linings of the digestion tract. Depending on the infection variety, these conditions may range from mild mediocre to even severe. The side effects to these are diarrhea, achiness, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain and chills. The symptoms however, would only show up 12-72 hours after the disease has been contracted.

The main infection causing agents can be bacteria such as salmonella or E-Coli, viruses such as Rotavirus or even parasites like Giardia. The usual cause for the infection is guessed to be a mouth to hand connection. As we know children are often in the habit of playing with toys then putting their fingers in their mouth. Also, babies that grow up in day-cares or are in zoos, pools, kindergartens or any such other crowded places have a high chance of contracting gastroenteritis.

Although this condition is quite rare, certain allergy types too may cause this infection kind. A weakened immune system cannot ward off the risks caused by the allergic agents present in the food items.

How to contain Gastroenteritis in Babies:

Even though gastroenteritis in babies is a difficult situation often accompanied by pain, the treatment procedure for it is easily accessible and affordable too.

  1. Intake ample amount of fluid:

Here in this disease, one would lose more liquid than it takes in which is why keeping oneself hydrated is of paramount importance whilst handling a situation like this. However, doctors state that simple intake of water will not replenish the electrolytes the way it is required. This is why they usually advice intake of oral electrolytes solution or re-hydration solutions. These can be availed from the local stores. According to some, for the school kids or the teenagers, the sports drink will do just fine. However, it is not appropriate for the babies or even the young school goers.

Quantity: An excess of fluid intake would trigger a negative reaction towards the digestion process. This is why it is recommended that you feed the baby a tea spoon of this every 5 minutes. Milk, caffeinated drinks or juices containing high acid levels should be laid off since they add on to the stomach problems.

However, one should never exclude breast feeding or formula. These actually help tone down the symptoms and side effects. However, consult your doctor regarding the options before you set on for self treatment.

  1. Give food but with care:

Once you notice that your child is taking in the fluid and holding it down, you may start giving him or her some bland foods. These include plain yogurt, bread, oats or potato. But before this, ensure that you are feeding him or her banana first. Follow this process now with some meat or vegetables. However, fat, fried or spicy foods should totally be off the chart. These tend to worsen the condition at hand.

  1. Refrain from using over the counter medicines:

Always keep in mind that gastroenteritis in babies should never be treated using over the counter medications. While medications like acetaminophen usually results in liver problems, medicine like ibuprofen may upset the stomach. The same goes for antibiotics which should strictly be avoided. Even if you use anti-diarrhea medicines to treat a symptoms, this would linger the infection some more. However, if your baby is suffering from stiff fever, medicines like ibuprofen or anti-inflammatory medications may be given to keep the temperature in control.

Gastroenteritis in babies- When to start worrying:

Instant treatment is always appreciated. As soon as you realize the symptoms showing up, immediately consult your pediatrician. This should be done instantly especially if your child is six months or less. The symptoms following may occur- constant dry diapers, discolored or cold extremities, dry lips, excessive sleepiness, crying but no tears, fuzziness or wrinkly skin. All these signs signal towards dehydration. Try giving them liquids in small portions, slow and steady. Apart from dehydration symptoms may include high fever possibly of 101°F, frequent excretion with possible signs of blood in the stool and vomit, hard swollen belly. If any of this above mentioned symptoms occurs, immediately get in touch with your pediatrician to prevent further expansion of gastroenteritis in babies.

How to prevent gastroenteritis in babies from occurring:

The saying goes prevention is always better than cure. It’s always better to take preventive measures than setting in for treatment. Some prevention tips are given below:

  • Always wash your and your child’s hand especially after you have used the washroom. Don’t forget to be thorough with the washing. Reach the hard areas such as the nooks and crannies of the finger nails.
  • Keep a pack of sanitizers along with you everywhere you go, this is one of the important preventive measures.
  • Subject to daily disinfection of the hard surfaces in and around the house for your baby to stay in a hygienic environment.
  • Always separate and segregate items of personal use such as cutlery, toothbrushes and even glasses.
  • Always be aware of people suffering from gastroenteritis. Maintain your distance. If indeed there is a need for you to be around people suffering from these conditions, such as a day care, make sure they keep a separate changing room with sanitizer’s and sinks.
  • The first step to preventing this disease is to talk to your pediatrician about getting your infant or child vaccinated to avoid possible risks of such disease contamination at the early ages.
  • When you are travelling, always use bottled water to drink or to do daily activities like brushing your teeth. Also, avoid under-cooked meals or raw food items such as peeled fruits or vegetables. This would allow you to prevent risks of gastroenteritis in babies.

Baby Born Without Brain

Baby Born Without Brain

Anencephaly is the medical term for the critical condition of a baby when he or she born without a brain. Generally, the defect occurs in the neural tube same as spina bifida but specifically the defect arises in this case on the end of the brain of the baby. In spinal cords butt end the defect does not arise. Most of the cases when baby born without brain, miscarriage happens and as a result, it is hard to see the defect in fully developed babies. As per the CDC report, about one baby in every five thousand gets the affected by the anencephaly. The disease is highly mortal yet a Florida-based boy named Jaxon Emmett Buell has completed one year and now can utter “mama”, “daddy” like simple words who has lost a maximum portion of the skull along with brain during birth.

The Symptoms of Baby Born Without Brain

This pathetic situation is known as highly congenital abnormality when a baby born without brain. Partially the baby’s skull does not grow in this serious situation along with the improper development of the brain. This is one of the lethal defects of a newborn baby.

All the symptoms though are not noticeable in a single newborn yet most of the common signs of anencephalic disease are below:

  1. The side bones, as well as the front bones of the head, are lacking.
  2. The bony cover is not developed well on the back of the new born’s head.
  3. Improper forward folded ears found.
  4. Cleft palate occurs most of the cases where the upper portion of the mouth along with the upper lip are isolated in the halfway.
  5. The newborn baby may have heart defect too.
  6. Uncomplicated reflexes can be seen but the proper development of cerebrum cannot be noticed which indicates the unconsciousness of the baby and a very short life span.

The physicians keep the baby warm and also protect the open portion of the brain from the exposure to the outer environment. To keep newborn alive he or she is fed by a special bottle which helps to get the nutrition properly and provides a life support.

Reasons of Baby Born Without Brain

Baby born without brain is a birth-related disease which occurs during early stages of pregnancy especially in the initial month when the woman doest even aware of the pregnancy. The development of neural tube is associated with early pregnancy which helps in formation of the skull, spinal cord, and upper spine’s bones along with the brain of the fetus.

If properly the upper part of the neural tube does not cover then it causes anencephaly. The reason for this pathetic phenomenon is unknown to each and everyone which is having a heartbreaking end result of the baby’s abnormal head. The forebrain does not flourish well as a result the new born is lacking proper coordination and thought. The rest of the brain does not have a proper covering of bones and skin.

 The Risk Influences of Baby Born Without Brain

Some influences become enough risky which pre-indicate that a baby may fail to develop brain properly and affected by the serious distressing anencephaly disease. The factors are below:

  • The Shortfall of Folic Acid. In the year 1995, it is proved that a baby born without brain due to the lack of proper folic acid intake of the mother. Although the researchers also said that complete the amount of folic acid is not the ultimate remedy of reducing the chances of anencephaly or any other diseases related to neural tube. A pregnant woman must consume 0.4milligrams folic acid every day which reduces the risk of neural tube defects.
  • Convinced Medication. Medication of a pregnant woman needs to be done under a well known, experienced gynecologist as some medicines are having the bad effects which lead anencephaly to the baby. Anencephaly may occur to the baby due to insulin-dependent diabetic medication, as well as anti-seizure medication.
  • Hereditary. In some special cases, baby inherits the disease from ancestors. Since it has proved that if a woman is having a baby born without brain then there is the chance of having the disease to her next baby is almost 3%. This is denied to 0.1% in case of the general population. It is suggested by the experts that a woman must go through a genetic counseling before conceiving again if she already has a neural defected baby.
  • Exposure to Toxicity. Nowadays, the exposure to heavy metallic substances like chromium, mercury, nickel and lead causes the immature formation of a neural tube of a baby.

Tips for Detecting the Conditions of Baby Born Without Brain

There are multiple ways to identify anencephaly. Below some ways are:

  • Blood tests. Blood tests help in detection of the disease by the eminent amounts of alpha-fetoprotein which get removed by the cells of the liver of the fetus. The protein is loaded with the fluid which surrounds the embryo. The high amount of alpha-fetoprotein also causes chromosomal disorders, misjudged due date and multiple fetuses apart from the baby born without brain
  • This process should take place during the 2nd trimester of pregnancy. The help of a needle in this process draws out the amniotic fluid. The amount of acetylcholinesterase, as well as alpha-fetoprotein, is measured. If the amounts are high then it might cause anencephaly. An amniocentesis not only performs to for a baby born without brain disease but also is done to identify the chromosomal issues and genetic problems of an embryo.
  • Ultrasound examination. It is an absolutely advanced imaging technique with which the detection of the organs, blood vessels and tissues of the fetus by the help of computer programming and sound waves. The ultrasound evaluation also helps in watching the improper development of the skull of a new born.
  • Fetal MRI. This utilizes a powerful magnet along with a computer to visualize the status of the skull of a fetus. It is better to do fetal MRI instead of ultrasound for watching the development of the baby’s brain.
  • Post Birth Diagnosis. If it remains unnoticed prior, that the baby is born without brain then, treatment can take place after the birth of the baby too. Most of the portion of the neural tube will remain exposed as the brain cover does not develop properly.

The Restrictions of Baby Born Without Brain Disease

Baby born without brain is a disease which can also prevented partially by eating proper nutritional foods. Taking a prenatal vitamin before conceiving can prevent this disease. Even before getting child-bearing stage you also must consume enough folic acid supplements. The supplements folic acid is essential as because our daily foods do not have enough amount of the nutrient.

Doctors suggest taking more folic acids during entire pregnancy to the women who delivered babies with neural tube abnormalities rather than the women who delivered normal babies. You must ask the right amount of folic acid you have to consume daily. Generally, the women who gave birth neural tube defected babies must consume 4 mg of folic acid per day for the first two months before getting pregnant again.

White Poop in Toddler

White Poop in Toddler

Usually, a child’s stool color greatly varies on the diet he or she consumes. But if you discover a rather uncommon hue in your child’s poop which is not usually normal, it should raise an eyebrow. White colored stool in your children can be alarming in nature. Chalk white stools with a slight yellowish spread or a graying tint may occur in normal conditions. The same can be the case for children who are affected by diarrhea. To help the doctor diagnose and determine the cause for white poop in toddler, present a saved sample to him.

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What Causes White Poop in Toddler?

1. Cysts in the bile duct: Bile is what imparts a hue to your feces while the bile duct cysts obstruct the bile from passing onto the gallbladder. Such a condition may create a situation where the pigmentation in the bile is lessened owing to the obstruction. This is why the stool may contain a pale color and usually is accompanied by jaundice or darkening of urine.

2. Viral Hepatitis: In this case, the liver is affected by the virus which causes the liver to fail. The virus affected liver now fails to produce the adequate amount of bile required for digestion. This can be linked to the paleness of your child’s stool color. Even though hepatitis doesn’t really stir up trouble in a child, if you in any way feel the white poop in toddler is related to this disease, seek medical attention for him immediately. This can be induced by some drug interaction that your child must be taking. In any case, try to contain the disease and prevent it from affecting others.

3. Malabsorption: Malabsorption is an illness type that affects the body caused by the lack of the proper nutrients in your body. As your body feels the inadequacy for the essential vitamins and minerals, this condition can cause a change in the color of your child’s stool. A wide range of situations may work their way up to malabsorption which is why it is essential that you consult a pediatrician.

4. Biliary Atresia: quite similar to the bile duct cysts symptoms, the Biliary Atresia is recognized as a birth defect. Here the blockage caused in the ducts passes the bile to the gall bladder from the liver. Get this diagnosed and treated at the speediest rate possible to avoid cirrhosis of liver.

5. Gut infection: also known as stomach flu or gastroenteritis, these are infections caused by a germ carrier. One can contract this from anything be it parasites, bacteria or virus which usually results in swelling of the inner lining to the digestion tract. Apart from white poop, the other side effects are abdominal pain and diarrhea, fever and chills, nausea and vomiting etc. the seriousness of the symptom or the illness depends on the intensity of the infection and may take hours or days to recover.

6. Miscellaneous others: apart from liver oriented diseases, some other not so common illness too may affect the color of the poop. They are antibiotics, antacids or antifungal medication reactions. Putting your child on a full milk diet too may cause an effect.

7. This is just a sampling of the situations that can cause whitening of poop in a toddler. There are dozens of situations that one can sight which can be either a serious or a not so serious affair that can be related to these symptoms. To get the best out of the treatment, collect a sample and offer it to the doctor for a diagnosis so that he knows the best way to go about this situation.

Cure Regarding White Poop in Toddler

The treatments of these conditions are strictly based on the diagnosis of the causes that led to the white poop in toddler situation.
• Building up the digestive quotient of your child is important. Make sure he has enough water to keep himself hydrated and even fibrous food to make the digestion process better. Whole grains, fruits, vegetables or legumes in the child’s diet would help in the process.
• Refrain from including fatty foods, refined carbohydrates, processed food or food that has high sugar content in your diet. They put excess pressure on the digestion process and eventually the liver too.
• If the white poop situation is grave in nature, your toddler may have to subject to surgical treatments. Treatments like chemotherapy may also be considered.
How to prevent white poop in toddler conditions?
• Healthy diet is necessary: A good nutritional diet will help you grow a hardy digestive system. Get rid of foods that have low fiber or fats in them. Include a lot more whole grain meals, vegetables and fruits, beans and legumes and fibrous food in general to enhance the digestive process. Make the process smoother by drinking lots of water throughout the day.
• Good habits are equally necessary as well: If your bowel passage is maintained and regular, a healthy excretion process will keep away abnormal excretion related illness. Encourage your toddler to make a routine to visit the toilet regularly especially after a meal. If they feel a slight urge to visit, always appreciate it. Fix a ten-minute schedule and encourage your child to sit on the toilet and push if the bowel movement is not smooth. Create a surrounding where using a bathroom for the toddler is appreciated and rewarded.
• Exercise to stay healthy: a healthy well-exercised body usually aids the digestive system. plan out a half an hour workout or physical sport for your child so that she can stay fit and exercised.