Spitting up blood in mucus or haemoptysis is an issue that is faced by millions of people worldwide on a daily basis and can be categorised into something that is not so dangerous and something that needs medical attention right away. Blood in mucus can be caused due to lung disease, respiratory infection, blunt force trauma and so on and requires immediate attention on the severity of the bleeding. Blood can be available in large or small quantities depending on the range of the affected area. Blood in mucus can also be found in the nasal tract when blowing your nose which shows that the area affected is not only in your respiratory region.
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Blood in Mucus Causes
In most issues it is seen that blood in mucus is caused most importantly by respiratory issues that should be located and treated by a doctor right away so that any issues can be avoided in the future.
- Actinomycosis lung abscess
- Arteriovenous malformation
- Blastomycosis lung abscess
- Bronchogenic carcinoma
- Cognestive heart failure
- Goodpasture’s syndrome
- Lung abscess
- Lung cancer
- Lupus pneumonitis
- Mitral stenosis
- Nasopharyngeal bleeding
- Pulmonary edema
- Pulmonary embolism
- Pulmonary infarction
- Pulmonary tuberculosis
- Upper gastrointestinal bleeding
- Upper respiratory inflammation
- Wegener’s granulomatosis
Haemoptysis is an issue that can cause other issues other than blood appearing in mucus. These issues can increase over time so it is best to understand the root cause of the problem.
- Blood in bright red
- Breathing rapidly
- Breaths come out in short intervals
- Chest pain
- Coughing incessantly
- Frothy or semi-coagulated-looking blood
It could be possible that coughing up blood may be the result of something more sinister in your body. in an event that you are coughing up blood for more than a week with a painful chest and sore throat it is better that you take the help of your doctor immediately. It is also better that you take the help of your doctor when you are having issues such as soaking sweats at night, issues performing any daily task, weight loss or even fever that is above 101 degrees. The people that require treatment for coughing up blood are hospitalised till the coughing subsides and the root cause of the problem is identified.
- In a last resort medication can be injected into damaged blood vessels in order to stop the bleeding.
- Postural drainage.Take help from a doctor to get yourself into a position that helps you to spit out excessive blood rather than take it in.
- Anti-tussives.Doctors provide adequate cough medication to help you prevent your blood vessels from bursting due to excessive coughing. This medication can be matched with antibiotics to help you get rid of blood in mucus effectively.
- Blood transfusion.This is only meant for dire situations where the patient is facing too much blood loss. A blood transfusion can be administered to help balance blood levels in the body during an excessive event of blood in mucus. It is always better to visit a safe blood bank in this situation.
- Bronchodilators are very useful in situations where the lung passages must be cleared for a direct flow of air. This is a great method for people who have recently undergone lung surgery as it helps to bring up the blood.
- Oxygen supply.Oxygen supply is very necessary at this time and that is why a mask or even a tube can be used to provide a steady flow of oxygen to the lungs during the event of blood in mucus.
Blood in Nasal Mucus
There are two reasons why you may face blood in mucus and that would be caused by upper nose bleeding and lower nose bleeding. Though both cause bleeding in the nose at the end of the day you would only need to get medical attention when going through effects of lower nose bleeding as it is caused by a nasal infection of the lower partition of the nose that separates the membrane.
- Blood in mucus is most commonly found due to respiratory infections or nasal infections but it is also quite commonly found due to blunt force trauma to the nasal region.
- A nasal infection or upper respiratory infection may lead to your respiratory tract to start working excessively causing you to start blowing your nose on an excessive level. This not only irritates your respiratory tract but it also causes blood to appear in your mucus.
- It is seen that in some cases the lack of humidity in the air can very effectively cause the nasal passages to actually become inflamed. This makes the vessels in the nasal area enlarged which promotes blood to be found in the mucus when you actually blow your nose.
- Issues such as lung tumours, sinusitis, and infections of the nasal tract can cause issues that lead to blood in mucus.
In most cases that are recorded, blood present in mucus is not a life threatening issue and will dissipate over time once the root of the problem is found and managed.
- Pinching your nose with your thumb and index finger for a period of 10 to 15 minutes is the best way to get rid of bleeding easily..
- Keeping your head high during the period of bleeding not only stops further bleeding from occurring but also encourages the blood to clot..
- An ice pack wrapped in a cloth and applied to the nostril is a good way to stop the bleeding.
- Swabbing with a lubricant helps to stop the bleeding which is normally instigated by a dry nose.
It is always better to contact your doctor immediately if your nose has been bleeding for more than 15 minutes.