Right Jaw Pain

Right Jaw Pain

Pain in the jaw usually occurs in the area around the lower jaw, temporomandibular joint or the tissue surrounding the jaw. Right jaw pain causes a lot of discomfort to the person suffering from it. Jaw joint is one of the most used joints in our body and thus making it vulnerable to strain. The joint connecting the temporal bone in the skull to the bone in the lower jaw is known as temporomandibular joint. Right jaw pain is the pain particularly on the right side of the jaw signaling trouble with the tissues in these areas. Pain in the right jaw might occur due to some injury or health issues. Consulting a doctor will give a better understanding of the reason behind the right jaw pain.

Complications of right jaw pain

Number of complications is attached with the right jaw pain. These include pain in the shoulders, neck, teeth and/or ears. Other common problems associated with right jaw pain are headache, dizziness, popping or clicking sound while yawning or chewing. At times the area around the jaw even swells leading to numbness of the tongue and fever. Opening the mouth becomes very difficult in case of right jaw pain. Other potentially life threatening conditions that might develop due to pain in the right jaw include difficulty in swallowing, excessive sweating, vomiting, difficulty in breathing, nausea and chest pain.

Causes of right jaw pain

  1. Trigeminal neuralgia :- Trigeminal Neuralgia also known as doulourex is a disorder that causes pain in the left or right jaw or even sometimes pain on the face. This condition is usually restricted to one side but sometimes it might affect both the sides. The disease is also at times referred to as the suicide disease because the pain becomes agonizing after a certain point of time. The pain last for about few days or even for few months in certain extreme circumstances. Any pressure to the trigeminal nerves can increase the pain such as eating, brushing the teeth or coming in contact with strong wind. Consult a doctor to get medicated. In certain acute cases even surgeries are suggested by doctors to cure the same.
  1. Sinuses :- Exposure to virus, fungi, bacteria and other allergens can make the sinus inflamed. Swollen sinuses can cause pain in the jaw and the face. Few of the common symptoms of sinus include common cold or respiratory infections. The location of irritation and pain will depend upon the type of the sinus cavity irritated and inflamed. Inflammation of sinus puts pressure on the jaw and teeth and thus in turn leads to unbearable pain in the area around it.
  1. Temporomandibular joint Dysfunction :- Any dysfunctioning in the joints connecting the jaw to skull and the surrounding areas is the common cause of right jaw pain. The areas around the jaw are quite susceptible to damage. Few ways in which it might get damaged are misalignment of teeth, grinding of teeth or arthritis. Frequent chewing of gum or clenching of cheeks also creates irritation and pain in and around the area. The condition gets worse when one tries to open his or her mouth.
  1. Trauma :- Trauma also known as injury trauma is generally caused due to vehicle or sport accident and can cause the area around the jaw pain. In this case people have difficulty in opening their mouth or notice the teeth becoming misaligned. You might even observe swelling, tightening, bruising and bleeding in the area around the jaw.
  1. Bruxism :- Bruxism occurs due to clenching of jaw or grinding of teeth while sleeping. This can even cause earache, tooth pain, facial pain, jaw pain or headaches. Anxiety, insomnia or depression are few causes of teeth grinding.
  1. Dental problems :- One of the most common and important reason for right jaw pain are dental problems. Breaking or extraction of tooth, oral surgeries of tooth cavities or having a filling done can cause the jaw to sit out of alignment thus causing jaw pain. In certain cases even gingivitis or gum infection might make the jaw sore. Even deep seated wisdom tooth is also one of the reason discomfort in the jaw.
  1. Bony growths :- Jawbone or temporomandibular lead to formation of spurs or bony growths. This problem is common among the old age people. The jaw feels the wear and tear which becomes painful at times.
  1. Other conditions :- Other conditions not mentioned above include lyme disease, head or neck cancer, migraines, parotid glands, tetanus, cysts, tumors in the jaw, actinomycosis or osteomyelitis can also cause right jaw pain.
  2. Jaw Arthritis :- The jaw is fairly vulnerable to mounting osteoarthritis, infectious arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. This may be initiated by monotonous use of the joint, aging or trauma. In this case symptoms may vary built on the nature of the arthritis affecting the joint. Pain may appear on both sides of the jaw, the jaw may become inflamed or you may have trouble moving the jaw when arthritis sets in.

Symptoms of Right Jaw Pain

Some of the symptoms accompanying right jaw pain are:

  • Pain or tenderness near the joint area, face, shoulder, neck area
  • Pain on chewing or biting
  • Pain or stress on the jaw on opening the mouth
  • Freezing or locking of the jaw on opening mouth
  • Clicking or popping sounds in the jaw on opening and closing the mouth
  • Seldom tired feeling in the face
  • Sleepy or tired eyes
  • Swelling or inflammation on the right side of the face

Diagnosis of right jaw pain

Until the exact cause right jaw pain is not ascertained, you may have to undergo several diagnostic tests as the reason can be dental, neurological or simply bone related.

The first point of contact should be your dentist, who will perform a complete check of your teeth, jaw joint and facial muscles. The dentist may take a full facial x-ray to rule out problems related to dental and oral health. You may be asked to undergo elaborate tests like MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) or CT scan to study the jaw joint in detail. You may also be referred to an orthodontist or oral surgeon depending upon the diagnosis.

If the problem is associated with sinus or neuralgia, you may be referred to an ENT specialist or neurologist.

Treatments and prevention’s of right jaw pain

Treatment of right jaw pain will depend upon the cause of the pain. Some of the most common ways of treating and preventing the same are mentioned below –

  • Try relaxing your jaw and face.
  • Teeth realignment. Get your teeth realigned by a dentist. Realigning will help you relieve the pain especially in case of children who are still waiting for their permanent teeth to develop.
  • Maintain dental hygiene. Dental infections also cause pain. Try maintaining a proper dental hygiene to prevent jaw pain.
  • Use sturdy pillows. Avoid balancing your phone between your shoulder and your face to prevent overstressing. This position will cause stress to the areas around the jaw leading to unbearable pain.
  • Medication. can even use medicines such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen to get relief from pain. These medicines are available over the counter.
  • People suffering from bruxism or TMD must visit their doctors to get a splint made which will prevent the teeth from grinding during sleep. Grinding of teeth can cause pain in the area around the jaw. Sometimes people even opt for intra – aural devices which are inserted in the ears to reduce pressure on the joints.
  • Exercise.You can even perform stress relieving exercises to get relief from jaw pain. Consult your doctor and ask about few exercises which will help you get rid of pain.
  • Surgery. In severe cases dentist even perform surgeries to realign the jaw line so that the person get permanent relief from pain and irritation.
  • Use moist cold or heat packs. Apply an ice pack on the affected side for about 10-15 minutes. Once you are done, apply a heat pack on the same area for about 5-6 minutes. Repeat the activity 2-3 times a day for quick relief from pain and inflammation.
  • Opt for easy chewable/soft foods. Eat food that is soft and easily chewable. Try to eat smaller portion and chew slowly. Until the pain subsides, you can include mashed potatoes, scrambled eggs, cheese, soup, fish and boiled fruits and vegetables in your diet. Avoid hard and crunchy food items like pizza, chips, nachos and so on.
  • Avoid risky jaw movements. Keep yawning and chewing (especially gum or ice) to the lowest and don’t shout, sing, or do anything that powers you to open your mouth wide.
  • Radio wave therapy. Radio waves arouse the joint, which surges blood flow and comforts pain.
  • Lower-level laser therapy. This drops pain and swelling and aids you move your neck freely and open your mouth broader.
  • Arthrocentesis. Arthrocentesis is majorly used if you have minor pain but your jaws are locked. It’s a minor method in which the dentist will administer general anesthesia, then insert needles into the joint and wash it out. He may use a special tool to get rid of damaged tissue or dislodge a disc stuck in the joint, or to unstick the joint itself.

Functions of the Skeleton

Functions of the skeleton

The skeletal system of our body comprises of the bones, that form the skeleton, the cartilages, which are the rubbery soft connective tissues found in the joints, ear, nose, and ribs, and the ligaments, which are the fibrous tissues, which connect one bone to the other. The functions of the skeleton form the basis of functioning of the human body. A child is born with 270 bones, which goes down to 206 bones  marrow, and blood vessels. The bone marrow and blood vessels are composed of nerve cells, fat cells and various other connective tissues. The osseous tissue forms the hard and rigid part of the bone, which calcifies over time, by deposition of minerals, and hardening it, and it reaches its maximum density by the age of 30.

There are two kinds of tissues inside the bones:

  • Compact bone: This stiff and dense tissue amounts to the outer layer of most of the bones and the key shaft of long bones, such as those in the arms and legs. Nerves and blood vessels live inside this tissue.
  • Spongy bone: This tissue consists of smaller discs filled with red bone marrow. It is found at the finishes of long bones, like the head of the femur, and at the center of other bones.

Apart from providing the body with a frame, the skeleton has various other important functions, like supporting, shaping, protection, mobility, etc.

Functions of the Skeleton

The human body is made up of the most complex skeletal system, which not only shapes the body but also helps us to stand erect and walk on two legs, unlike any other living being. The functions of the skeleton are not just limited to one but several aspects that are essential for the proper functioning of the human body. Another special feature is having opposable thumbs. These features distinguish us from the others and make us functionally exceptional. Some of the distinguished functions of the skeleton is discussed below:

  1. Shape: Shaping our body is one of the primary functions of the skeleton. The shape and size of the body, face and even the hands and legs largely depend on upon the skeleton. As the bones grow in size gradually with age, they form our shape. Though it also depends on upon the genes acquired, the bones are the ultimately responsible. A man with tall and thin bones is ectomorphs. Short people are mesomorphs and endomorphs are those whose skeleton makes then apple or pear shaped. Dwarfs are another kind whose bones are very small in size.
  2. Support:The maintenance of the shape of the body is also one of the functions of the skeleton. It supports the internal organs to stay in their respective places. The spinal cord is responsible for supporting the upper part of the body, while the ribs make sure that the heart and lungs are properly supported. The skull holds the brain, and the abdominal structure holds the gastrointestinal organs. The whole weight of our body is taken care of by the long bones in our legs.
  3. Movement:The nervous system controls the whole movement mechanics. It includes coordination of the skeleton, muscles and the joints. The bones and muscles together form the musculoskeletal system. They work together to make the human body agile and mobile. The muscle contraction pulls on the bones, resulting movements. The cartilages, ligaments and tendons, which are the connective tissues of the skeletal system, make the movements possible. However, the joints and the size of the bones are the determining factors in the range of movements. The joints like finger joints have limited movements, while ball and socket joints such as hips and knees are more movable. Hence, movement is one of the very important functions of the skeleton.
  4. Protection:The hard and bony structure of the skeleton forms small encasings for the soft vital organs of our body, to protect them from a direct impact or injury. The skull protects the brain. The spinal column is responsible for the spinal cord and nerves, whereas the ribs and the sternum, which forms the thorax protects the heart, the lungs and important blood vessels.  The flexibility is due to a constituent called collagen. The mixture of power and flexibility gives the skeleton the volume to absorb the effect of blows to the body without breaking.  Out of all the functions of the skeleton, protection, especially by the skull is essential for survival in situations like accidents or sudden fall.
  5. Blood Cell Production. Apart from osseous tissues, the bones are comprised of the bone marrow and the blood vessels. The bone marrow is of two types. There is the red bone marrow which produces about 2.6 million RBC per second. The yellow bone marrow stores fat, which can later be transformed into RBC in a case of anaemic patients or heavy depletion of RBC. Bigger bones contain bone marrow, a spongy tissue inside the bones. There are two main types of marrow, red and yellow. Red marrow is accountable for making of all of the body’s red blood cells and several white blood cells.In adults, red marrow is found primarily in the breastbone, hips, ribs, skull, and spine bones and at the end of long bones of the arms and legs. Several types of white blood cells, which guard the body from infections, are also produced in red bone marrow. Yellow bone marrow comprises primary fat cells but can convert into red marrow if the body wishes to upsurge blood cell production.
  6. The minerals like calcium and phosphorus, which are stored in the bones are very useful for the body as they help in maintaining a healthy metabolism and unhindered nerve transmission.
  7. Endocrine Regulation. As stated above, the bones are found responsible for maintaining a healthy sugar metabolism due to the presence of minerals like calcium and phosphorus. A healthy metabolism results in a healthy weight. A hormone called osteocalcin, is released by the skeleton, which controls type 2 diabetes, and also a regular distribution of fat. This hormone is also responsible for the increase in insulin production, thus regulating blood sugar. Endocrine regulation is a highly necessary element as regards the functions of the skeleton.
  8. Electrolyte Balance. It is necessary to maintain a right electrolyte balance in the body as, they helps in blood chemistry, reflexes, and other activities. Important electrolytes like calcium and phosphorus are present in the bones.
  9. Acid-Base Balance. A person’s acid-base balance is evaluated by measuring the Ph levels and levels of co2 and bicarbonate present in the blood. The bones lessen or moderate the changes in these levels.

From the above discussion, we can get a clear notion that the skeleton apart from, forming the structure of your body has a major role in the mobility, protection, and maintenance of the body.

Common conditions that affect the skeleton

Some common conditions that affect the functions of skeleton are:

  1. Osteoporosis :- It is a disease in which the bones become fragile and highly prone to fractures. In literal terms it means “porous bones”.
  2. Leukemia :- It is the cancer of bone marrow and white blood cells.
  3. Osteopenia, Osteomalacia :- These are also diseases of the bone, which finally result in weakening of the bone and bone loss.

4 Easy and 4 Home Made Fruit Fly Traps

By Team Health Whoop / December 28, 2016

Fruit fly infestation is one of the most annoying situations for farmers and fruit-sellers all over the world. It is important to understand where they come from, their behavior and ways to get rid of them, of which a fruit fly trap is the best bet. In the later part of this article, you will learn how to make different fruit fly traps.

What are Fruit Flies?

Fruit flies are small, yellow colored flies that are a part of a large family of flies which include approximately 3000 species. These flies are harmless and do not pose any threat to an individual.

They are found in places like houses, restaurants, vegetable markets, supermarkets and wherever fruits and vegetables start rotting and fermenting. Adult fruit flies are around 0.13 inches long and have big red eyes. The younger members of the family are comparatively smaller in size and yellowish in color. In the case of adult flies, the front portion of the body is tan, and the back portion is blackish-brown in color.

Fruit flies lay their eggs near rotting or fermenting food items and materials that are moist in nature. On birth, the larvae get their nutrition from the rotting and fermenting food where they are born. The reproduction potential of this flies enormous, and they can lay around 500-600 eggs at a time, and the complete life cycle from birth to adulthood is accomplished in a week’s time, and their entire life span is around two weeks.

Not just rotted and fermented fruits and vegetables, fruit flies are easily attracted the over ripened fruit and vegetables also. They breed in damp places like garbage piles, drains, trash cans and bottles or dirty clothes and rugs. Infestation of these flies can also begin from previously infested fruits and vegetables that were brought inside the house. They are highly annoying insects’ behavior wise and have great potential to contaminate food material with bacteria and other harmful organisms, and the best way to get rid of them is creating a fruit fly trap.

Where do fruit flies come from?

Fruit flies can come to your home if you have some overripe fruits and vegetables on the kitchen shelf. They seek fermented food material, especially wine and beer.

Types of Fruit Flies

In all, there are five types of fruit flies:

  1. Citrus Fruit Flies :- These fruit flies have a higher affinity for citrus fruits and vegetables that are nearing ripening and fermentation. They are different from the fruit flies found at home and belong to the family Tephritidae, unlike house fruit flies which belong to the biological family, Drosophila.
  2. Mexican Fruit Flies :- These fruit flies are highly attracted fruits like mango and grapefruit. They measure 8-12 mm in size, and their bodies are lean and yellowish-brown in the shade.
  3. Olive Fruit Flies :- The fruit flies breed in various parts of the Mediterranean basin, including many areas of Africa and India. They measure approximately 5-6 mm in length and have huge wings that measure up to 10 mm. The wings have random brown spots and the body black in color which a silver lining on the surface accompanied by three parallel black stripes.
  4. Caribbean Fruit Flies :- These fruit flies are widely known for causing considerable damage to tropical fruits like peaches, oranges, guavas, papaya, mango, dragon fruit, cherries, and loquat. They are twice the size of a common housefly, and the body is yellowish-orangish-brownish in color and have no markings like stripes or spots.
  5. Western Cherry Fruit Flies :- These fruit flies prefer wild and domestic cherry trees and lay their eggs beneath the surface of the cherry fruit’s skin. The adult flies are around 0.2 inches long and have white and black parallel bands on the abdomen. The female flies are slightly larger than their male counterparts.

4 Killer Ways To Get Rid of Fruit Flies with Fruit Fly Trap

The best and most efficient way to deal with fruit fly infestation is a Do-It-Yourself or DIY Fruit Fly Trap. There is not just one, but several ways to build your own Fruit Fly Trap, let’s see how!

1) Paper Funnel Fruit Fly Trap

Follow the step below to create an effective fruit fly trap using a bottle and paper!

  • Choose a tall bottle of wine or champagne, a tall jar or a tall flower vase
  • Add some bait for the fruit flies- since they feed on anything that is rotting, fermenting or sugary, you can add any fruit juice or sweet items or some rotting fruit pulp. You can also add overripe fruit bits, honey syrup, maple syrup, corn syrup, soy sauce, apple cider vinegar or wine.
  • Take a piece of paper and roll it to create a funnel shape and place it on the opening of the bottle. A funnel with a minuscule opening will allow the flies to fly inside the bottle, but will not allow them to fly out. Ensure that the tip of the funnel does not touch the food material inside the cylinder. Any paper can be used to create the funnel. However, the thicker it is, and the better it will be.
  • Gently pick up the fruit fly trap and place it in the infested area.
  • Leave it overnight, and you will be happy to see a large number of fruit flies stuck in the fruit fly trap the next morning.
  • Get rid of the trapped flies using a mixture of dish soap and lukewarm water. The soap decreases the surface tension of the water and causes the fruit flies to drown. Rinse the jar thoroughly once you remove all the flies and reuse to create another effective fruit fly trap.

fruit fly trap

Image: A funnel fruit fly trap with tempting bait for the fruit fly

2) Plastic Wrap and Bowl Fruit Fly Trap

Follow the step below to create a live fruit fly trap using a bowl and plastic wrap!

  • Select a container which is large or medium in size
  • Add some sweet bait at the bottom of the bowl for the fruit flies- it can be a liquid, pulp, fruit skin or pieces of fruit but the food material should cover at least an inch from the base of the bowl. You can use the following as sweet, tempting bait for the flies: a piece of an overripe skinless fruit like orange, banana or mango, a mixture of white wine and coriander seeds, a mix of honey, sugar, and vinegar.
  • Once the contents are setup, tightly cover the bowl with a plastic sheet.
  • Using a fork, create several holes in the plastic cover and keep them as small as possible to trap the flies and not allow them to escape from the fruit fly trap.
  • Leave it overnight, and you will be pleased to see a large number of fruit flies stuck in the fruit fly trap the next morning.
  • Take the fruit fly trap outside and pour a mixture of dishwashing soap and lukewarm water to get rid of the fruit flies.
  • Rinse the bowl thoroughly and use it for the next fruit fly trap.

bowl and plastic wrap fruit fly trap

Image: A bowl and plastic wrap fruit fly trap with piece of banana and wine as bait

3) Merry Fruit Fly Trap

Fruit flies are highly attracted to red wine and can easily get intoxicated with it. They will either drown in the fruit fly trap or can be removed using additional techniques like a freezer or dish washing soap and lukewarm water.

Follow the step below to create a luring fruit fly trap using a red wine and a bottle!

  • Select a bottle with is not very tall or very short
  • Add some red wine to the bottle such that it covers 1-2 inches from the base of the bottle
  • Place it near the infested area
  • The fruit flies will rush to taste the red wine and end up drowning or getting stuck in this merry fruit fly trap
  • The remaining flies can be removed using a mixture of dish washing soap and lukewarm water as mentioned in the earlier methods

wine bottle fruit fly trap

Image: A vine bottle fruit fly trap

4) The Trusted Milk Fruit Fly Trap

A combination of milk, black pepper, and raw sugar can do wonders for those annoyed with fruit flies infesting their kitchens!

Follow the step below to create a simple fruit fly trap using a bowl, milk, sugar and pepper!

  • Add one glass of milk, 150 grams raw sugar and 60 grams of black pepper (ground) in a saucepan and simmer for about 10-15 minutes
  • Pick a bowl which is shallow and transfer the mixture into it
  • Place the bowl near the infested area
  • Fruit flies will quickly be attracted to the mix and will drown as soon as they enter the space
  • The remaining flies can be removed using a mixture of dish washing soap and lukewarm water as mentioned in the earlier methods

milk-sugar-pepper fruit fly trap

Image: A milk-sugar-pepper fruit fly trap

4 other methods to get rid of the flies apart from the Fruit Fly Trap

Yes! There are other ways of removing fruit flies from your surrounding apart from the Fruit Fly Trap. They are:

  1. Sprays :- You can use fruit fly sprays available in the market or create your own. Windex or Clorox sprays can be used to kill these pests. You can also create your spray using a spray bottle and 70% rubbing alcohol. The alcohol reacts on them instantly and acts as a very effective disinfectant. 90% alcohol can also help in getting rid of the fruit fly eggs and larvae.
    • Pyrethrin spray is another fantastic insecticide which can kill fruit flies, the only drawback being that it does not affect the eggs.
    • An essential oil spray is also helpful. Fruit flies hate the smell of selected essential oils that are pleasing to humans. The oil will help in keeping the flies away from your surroundings. All you have to do is add some water to a spray bottle and 5-10 drops of peppermint, tea-tree oil, lemongrass or eucalyptus oil. Sprinkle it near the fruit baskets, kitchen drains, and sinks to keep the fruit flies away. An essential oil trap is also a kind of fruit fly trap.
  2. Pest Control Treatment :- Though fruit fly trap is the most efficient self-method to get rid of these pests, professional pest control treatment can also help enormously. Fruit fly control experts visit your home and spray select insecticides and medicines that are meant to get rid of fruit flies accurately.
  3. Keep Your Surroundings Clean :- As you know that fruit flies breed in areas that are damp, unclean and contain rotting fruits and vegetables, it is important that you locate such areas and clean them as there are high chances of fruit fly eggs present in such places. Avoid keeping overripe fruits, open garbage bags that contain rotting fruits and vegetables, beer cans or wine bottles and clear your kitchen sink drains as frequently as possible.
  4. Discard Damaged Fruits :- Once you’ve brought the oranges, mangoes, cherries, peaches and other fruits inside your kitchen, inspect them thoroughly and dispose of them if there are signs of any damage. It is important that you arrange them outside your house as they can potential carriers of fruit fly eggs.

Do Fruit Flies bite people?

The common fruit flies or the household fruit flies belong to the biological family Drosophila. These flies do not feed on human blood since they do not have any biting mouth parts. They have a very short lifespan and are not harmful in behavior.

How can Fruit Fly Infestation be prevented?

The best way to avoid fruit fly infestation is to abolish the source of affinity.

  • Fruits and vegetables that have ripened should be consumed, disposed of outdoors or refrigerated.
  • Damaged or cracked portions of the fruit should be cut away as there are high chances of fruit fly larvae being present in these areas
  • Recycling bin should frequently be emptied and cleaned
  • Beer and wine containers should be tightly sealed
  • House windows and doors should be tightly closed to keep the flies from entering your house
  • Fruit fly trap should be kept ready as soon as you suspect the presence of the first few fruit flies in your kitchen

Fruit Fly Pictures

fruit fly

Image: A closer look at a fruit fly

Fruit fly infestation

Image: Fruit fly infestation on oranges and apple

Hard Bumps on Face

Hard Bumps on Face

Everyone once in awhile has to face a problem when they see little, ugly and hard bumps on face. We don’t want to face people with those unwanted guests and try to hide them behind our makeup. Some are quite harmless, and will go away on their own. But some are quite dangerous, and may be a sign of some health problems and a doctor must be consulted, if the bumps persist. They’ll help us recognize the cause and treatment of the unsightly bumps. Let us discuss some of them.

Symptoms of Hard Bumps on Face

Hard bumps on face can occur in one or more forms:

  • Small, firm white bumps
  • Enlarged oil glands
  • Moles
  • Acne
  • Red hard bumps on the face that are often very itchy
  • Hard bumps on face oozing liquid
  • Hard bumps on the nose
  • Red, raised bumps around lips and lower part of the face

Causes and Treatments of Hard Bumps on Face

  1. Acne :- Acne is the most common form of hard bumps on face. Pimples and blackheads are some forms of acne. About 80%of the teenagers have them at some time or the other. They are caused by the acne nodules and cysts. Blackheads are caused when the dead skin gets into the pores of the skin and blocks them. These dead skin cells are treated by the immune system of the body as foreign objects, causing them to become inflamed. This causes the bumps to become pussy and painful. These are called pimples. They are sensitive to touch and may stay with you for a week or so. One should always resist touching them or scratching them, or they’ll leave behind ugly marks. They usually occur on the forehead, nose cheeks on chin. These majorly affect the people with more oily skin.
    • Home Remedies:  To avoid getting more acne a proper skin care regime has to be followed.   Wash the face with a mild face wash or an antiseptic wash at least twice so that the dead skin cells and excess oil are cleaned away. When the acne is present, scrubbing should be avoided and some over the counter anti-acne creams should be applied on the bumps. Benzoyl peroxide (it kills the bacteria, and unplug the clogged pores), Retinoids (unplugs the pores and reduces inflammation, Azelaic Acid (causes less skin irritation and is softer on the skin than the other two), are some good examples of acne treating medicines.
    • Medical Treatment:  However, if you are prone to a regular acne problem, visiting a good dermatologist is a wise option. They may prescribe some changes in eating habits, face wash , and also some  topical antibiotics, which will help to reduce bacteria, and inflammation. They may also be helpful in reducing the scarring from the acne.
  1. Sebaceous Cysts :- Sebaceous cysts are non-cancerous, small and slow-growing bumps under the skin. They are also called steatocystoma simplex. They look like a dome. Their origin is the sebaceous gland and is filled with a liquid called sebum. They are quite rare. Although the term Sebaceous cyst if often used for the more common cyst like an epidermoid and pilar cyst. Generally, they are not painful, unless it becomes inflamed, and demands treatment. They may occur anywhere on the face, neck, back, or near the genital organs.
    • Medical Treatment:  Removal of the cyst through surgery is the only option to cure it. The doctors apply local anaesthesia around the cyst and sterilise them before operating. He would squeeze keratin around the cyst and then uses forceps will pull out the cyst. A scar will stay in the cyst area. Some oral antibiotics are prescribed post operation.
    • Home Remedies:  The waxy liquid called sebum inside the cyst can be drained out from the cyst by softening it with hot compresses like hot pads, or hot water bottles, for about 10 days.. This helps the area to drain and heal. After softening it, mild pressure around the are will expel the sebum. But sometimes these may cause infection if not done properly. It that case visits a doctor immediately. (For more information on Sebaceous cyst Click here.)
  1. Ingrown Hair :- People with curly hair are more prone to this kind of hard bumps on the face. Sometimes, as the hair comes out of the follicles, it may curl back and enter the soft skin and gets trapped inside. On occasion, a dead skin pigment on the skin may not allow the hair to come out and it stays on the skin. The hairs that stay below the skin instead of coming out, cause ingrown hair. Even after shaving, sometimes the sharpened hard hair curls and pierces the skin and enters the skin. All these cause the irritating and hard bumps. The immunity system of the body treats these hairs as foreign invaders and attack them causing itch and make it uncomfortable. (To know about ingrown hair in pubic area Click here.)
    • Proper Skin Care:  The process includes scrubbing of the dead skin over the hair, with a mild soap so as to release the trapped hair. Sometimes, if the ingrown hair is not treated on time, it may become infected, swollen and painful. Doctors may prescribe some steroid medicines to bring down the inflammation. Retinoids are also given to remove dead skin cells. He may also give you some oral antibiotics.
    • Proper shaving technique can help. Softening the hairs with a warm cloth is advisable before shaving. Using a clean and sharp blade will ensure a fast shave without too many strokes on the same area. Wash the razor after every stroke. Using a good quality shaving lotion or gel is also vital because they contain hair softening agents. It will ensure a smooth and close shave. After shaving lotions or a cool compress will help to soothe the area and prevent irritation.
  1. Milia :- The Milia or milium cyst is the hard bump that often appears in groups around the nose or on cheeks. The cause of Milia is still unknown, although in newborns it is thought to be triggered due to the mother’s hormones. They are filled with keratin, which is a form of protein. It is white in colour.
    • How to Treat:  The Milia are not painful. But they are not pleasant to the eyes. The treatment of Milia can be at home or by a doctor. It is generally deroofed, by a sterile needle, and the keratin is squeezed out. Some medications like retinoids can be administered at times. When the Milia is nearer to the eyes, on the soft skin, the process should be done very carefully. In a newborn treatment is not needed. They go away within a week.
    • How to Remove the Bump:  In small Milia, the above process will remove them, i.e. breaking open the skin and eliminating the liquid. The hard bump will go away.Larger Milia, on the other hand, are not as easy. It should be cleaned first, and then pierced with a sterilised safety pin or needle to create a hole. Squeeze out the keratin inside. It may sometimes be accompanied by a minor bleeding. Application of some antiseptic after the process is advisable.
  1. Allergy Reaction :- Some allergies are minor, some life taking. Whatever type it may be, hard bumps break out on the face have to be treated. Anaphylaxis is a severe life-threatening allergy, which causes hard bumps on face. It is very dangerous. Hives and bumps on face, swelling of the lip and tongue are some of its symptoms. People with allergy problems like asthma are prone to these type of reactions. These allergies may be because of foods, insect bites, or some sort of medications. The patient needs immediate medical treatment.
    • How to Treat: If you have an allergy reaction, a visit to the dermatologist is necessary. They may prescribe some antibiotics and ask you to do some tests, to determine what your body is allergic to. The foods etc which may cause those reactions must be avoided at all costs. The bumps are only the symptoms in such cases. The medicines should be taken as prescribed.
  1. Skin Cancer :- The most commonly known sign of a skin cancer is, hard bumps on face that do not heal. They are sore and oozes out blood and pus after a minor trauma. They often grow slowly, under the skin, in a dome shape, but may become painful and bloody after a few days. Alteration in genes, and excessive sun exposure can cause skin cancer.
    • If these symptoms persist, one should immediately consult a dermatologist. After some biopsy and some medical tests he will be able to determine the cause of the bumps are cancerous or not.
    • How to Treat: If you are diagnosed with skin cancer, you may have to undergo radiotherapy and chemotherapy depending upon the stage.
  2. Mosquito Bite Allergy :- A mosquito bite and a mosquito bite allergy are two different things. When a female mosquito lands on a person’s skin and inserts her proboscis to draw the person’s blood, red hard bumps begin to form and itching begins to start. These bumps are not not a result of the bite but an opposing reaction  of the body’s immune system to the saliva of the mosquito.
    • How to Treat: The following methods can be used to treat a Mosquito Bite Allergy:
      • A hydrocortisone cream
      • Calamine lotion
      • Oral antihistamines
      • A cold water bath without soap
      • A cold pack
  3. Cold Sores :- Cold sores are red hard bumps on face which are red and filled with fluid. They are caused by a common virus named herpes simplex and can spread from one person to another. (To know whether your bump is cold sore or pimple Click here.)
    • How to Treat: The following methods can be used to treat Cold Sores:
      • Antiviral Creams and Ointments
      • Oral Antiviral Medications
      • Home Remedies or Natural Agents like Aloe Vera Gel and Petroleum Jelly can be used to treat cold sores.
  4. Scabies :- Hard bumps on face can also be formed due to Scabies, a skin infection caused by a tiny mite called Sarcoptes Scabiei. These microorganisms breed on the skin and even lay their eggs below the skin resulting in redness, formation of bumps and severe itching.
    • How to Treat: Scabies can be treated using antimicrobial creams, lotions and ointments. Your doctor may also prescribe medication like antihistamines (Benadryl or Pramoxine Lotion), steroid creams and antibiotic creams and ointments.
  5. Skin Tag: A skin tag is a harmless growth on the skin of the face. They can be one or more in number and usually appear as hard bumps on face. They are made of small tissues that are composed of blood vessels and a protein fiber called collagen. They are harmless in nature and can also grow in other parts of the body like breasts, neck, hands and thighs.
    • How to Treat: These growths generally do not require any treatment. In rare cases, they can become red and start itching. The only way to get rid of them is using surgical removal.
  6. Chickenpox :- Chickenpox is a viral disease which often affects children. It is characterized by fluid-filled, red blisters which are very painful. This infection is also marked by hard bumps on face and other parts of the body including the scalp.
    • How to Treat: There is no treatment as such for Chickenpox and the only way to provide relief is manage the symptoms. Topical ointments and creams are used to relieve severe itching and the patient is also advised to bathe with lukewarm water.

Facebook Addiction Disorder (FAD)

By Team Health Whoop / December 22, 2016
Facebook Addiction Disorder

Facebook Addiction Disorder Definition and meaning : As the name suggests, it is more of a psychological issue that deals with excessive use of Facebook, and spending a great deal of time using it every day. The disorder usually involves so much of interaction of a person with Facebook that it starts interfering with the daily routine of life, including work and school. In fact, facebook addiction disorder has major negative effects on relationships as well within the family.

What Causes Facebook Addiction Disorder?

There can be a lot of reasons why one is addicted to facebook, but here below we list some of the top ones that you should know about:

  1. Minimal Effort is Required to Catch Up with Family and Friends
  2. One can share their personal information/photos simultaneously with a lot of people
  3. It is one of the best places to comfort our egos (especially showing off to others in a non-offending way)
  4. Since it is the ultimate place for getting all kinds of information
  5. It is one of the best places to keep the fond memories which can be cherished later.
  6. As per psychologists, facebook helps as a comforter as well as a mood booster.
  7. It fulfils all the social needs and in a very comfortable and easy manner.
  8. People tend to believe that they are doing something meaningful when they are on Facebook.
  9. Not only it helps in socializing but it also provides a good forum for gaming. This is undoubtedly one of the killer combinations and quite an addictive one.
  10. It helps one compare their current situation in life with that of others.

These are some of the well-known and most common causes associated with Facebook Addiction Disorder. Apart from this, it also helps in keeping oneself busy and does not give a negative feeling of loneliness.

Teenage Facebook Addiction Disorder

As per Pew Research Center, USA, the teenagers between the age of 12 and 17 are the most prone to the addiction of social networking especially Facebook. They call Facebook more of a social burden on teenagers. As per their research in 2012, around 94 percent of teens use Facebook or at least have Facebook accounts.

teen social media profile stats

Img Source: i.huffpost.com

Facebook Addiction Disorder Symptoms

There are a lot of symptoms that can be associated with this particular disorder. This will help you understand the problem better and get a good treatment plan in hand. To know more keep reading below:

  1. Desperate Behaviour :- The person spends a good amount of time every day on Facebook when it comes to this particular symptom. Basically, they reach a stage where they need Facebook surfing to satisfy their hunger instincts. This usually leads to quite a detrimental effect on the person’s personal life. A way to know that the person is suffering from facebook addiction disorder is to check their PC for facebook windows. If it is open more than 3 times in a day, it confirms the disorder in the person.
  1. Drastic Fall in Normal Recreational Works :- Those who have this disorder will no doubt spend less time with family and friends or any other kind of hobby that they used to pursue earlier. It can also be in the form of any sport that they enjoyed earlier but now has reduced to a great extent because of facebook addiction disorder. They might start socializing with friends on facebook instead of meeting them for coffee as they used to do earlier. In extreme cases, they might even contact their parents on facebook rather than on calls.
  1. Fake Friends Increase :- Among the facebook friends, if more than 7 friends out of 10 are strangers, then definitely the person is facing from a serious disorder of using facebook.
  1. All talks about Facebook :- If the person is talking about Facebook even when he meets people in real, it is a serious symptom of Facebook Addiction Disorder. Saying things like ‘We will catch up on facebook’ or ‘Message me on facebook’ are some of the statements that confirm so.
  1. Symptoms of Withdrawal :- For those who try to withdraw from the facebook addiction disorder usually faces issues like anxiety, need to talk about facebook as well as distress. They also keep on imagining the latest news and notifications they must be having on facebook. This is another sign that confirms the existence of a psychological issue.
  1. You cannot tolerate power cuts :- If you are not able to handle power cuts and get really anxious about it, then this is one of the symptoms that bring you closer to a confirmation for the disorder.

Facebook Addiction Disorder Test

As per a lot of psychologists, facebook definitely is an addiction or obsession among a lot of people. There is a simple questionnaire test that can help one identify this particular problem. If most of the questions is answered is positive, you know what you are going through. Check here:

  1. Do you spend more time on facebook than you initially planned?
  2. Are you lethargic in the morning because of late night facebooking?
  3. Do your family and friends accept you spend most of your time on facebook?
  4. Do you spend more than 2-3 hours on facebook daily?
  5. Do you use facebook at your workplace/school as well?
  6. Are you restless when you cannot access facebook for a long period of time?
  7. Do you put in effort to make a lot of friends on facebook?
  8. Do you have a lot of strangers as friends on facebook?
  9. Is your relationship suffering because of facebook?
  10. Is your work/school performance degrading because of facebook?
  11. Do you play a lot of games on facebook?
  12. While updating facebook, do you feel sad if no one notices or comments on your update?
  13. Do you like keeping contact with people via facebook only?
  14. Does most of your online activity comprises of facebook?
  15. Do you try not to open facebook, but in vain?

These are some of the questions to which if 80 percent of the answers are yes, can be alarming and confirms the presence of Facebook Addiction Disorder. Make sure, you think about every question before answering for accurate results.

Facebook Addiction Disorder Effects

There is no doubt that the addiction to facebook will only bring in negative effects on health and in life in general. However, if we talk about the ill-effects of this disorder in details, it can be classified as below:

  1. There is no Longer any ‘Privacy’ :- One of the most adverse effects of facebook addiction disorder comes in the form of privacy destruction. The personal data becomes a thing of publicity now and on a social network which is viewed by millions. One way is to keep your personal stuff away from it.
  1. Kills Social Interaction :- The more a person becomes addictive to facebook, the less they start interacting with other people on a one-to-one basis. They are so busy interacting with strangers online, that they don’t get time for real people at all. This brings down the communication and social skills to a great extent.
  1. Health Issues :- Sedentary lifestyle is one of the harmful things to expect from facebook addiction leading to overweight problems and lack of exercise. Also, sitting in front of the PC for long can lead to issues with the eye health as well.
  1. Important Things Take a Back Seat :- For those who need to concentrate on their studies and for those who need to finish important work, FAD or Facebook Addiction Disorder leads to procrastination. It also reduces the time that normally one would dedicate to their works/study on a daily basis.
  1. Family Concerns Reduces :- For those with FAD, facebook comes first even before family. This leads to conflict of interest.
  1. Unaware of Surroundings :- Those who are addicted to facebook, are totally unaware of their surroundings. All they care about is posting on facebook and interacting with people online. This leads to avoidance of the people around as well as other important aspects that they miss.

These are some of the effects that can be definitely expected from this severe psychological condition.

Facebook Addiction Disorder Treatment

To treat the addiction to facebook, one needs to know what is the treatment procedure and tips that can help them overcome the issue. The healthy ideas below is bound to help in an effective manner.

  1. Address the addiction :- The first and foremost step to take towards treatment of Facebook addiction disorder is to accept that you are suffering from a problem. Half the battle is won, if you realize the issue.
  1. Make a Track Sheet :- The next step towards treatment from FAD is to start keeping a track of how much time you are spending on Facebook. This will help you understand the level of the problem and tackle it better.
  1. Talk to others :- Talk to your close ones and ask them how they feel of you spending so much time on facebook. Understand their feelings and discuss things openly. This is another of the ways to a successful treatment.
  1. Set a Time :- Once you fix a time that needs to be spent on facebook, it becomes a lot easier. A conscious effort to fix a time will only help you start your treatment process for facebook addiction disorder.  For this, put an alarm to help you know when the time is over.
  1. Limit the Feeds :- Limit the notifications and feeds that you get from facebook, especially from the ones you haven’t met in a while.
  1. Limit the Friend List :- Limit the friend list to a good extent. Only people of importance or close circle should be a part of your facebook account.
  1. Use a ‘Facebook Free’ Day :- One day of the week should be a ‘facebook free’ day. This will be more of a detox from facebook. Use this day to spend time with close ones on a one-to-one basis.
  1. Email Notifications should be shut down :- Shut down the email notifications from facebook. This will ensure you don’t get disturbed while you are doing something important or working in the office.
  1. Make a List of Pending Work :- There might be a lot of things you procrastinated because of facebook addiction. Make a list of those works and start spending some time on that. This will take your addiction away and in a constructive way.
  1. Consider Blocking Facebook :- If the above measures are not working for, one extreme consideration could be blocking facebook. This can help you get rid of the issue to a great extent.
  1. Take a Facebook Free Weekend Off :- This is one way that you can understand that life does not depend on facebook. Just enjoy the weekend off, go somewhere, enjoy with real friends and family and keep away from facebook for those two days.
  1. Stop changing status messages :- Reduce the number of times that you change your status messaged on facebook. This is something that needs to be done consciously.
  1. Deactivate the Account :- In highly severe cases of facebook addiction disorder, it is highly recommended that one totally cuts off from facebook. This is only possible if you deactivate your account. It is an extreme measure and suggested only if any of the above treatment options are not helping at all.

These are some of the best and simplest ways to treat the disorder of facebook addiction. One needs to know that these are only effective if followed honestly.

One other important thing that can be done as a treatment, is to join SMAA. This is also known as Social Media Addicts Association. Here, you can meet like-minded people who are suffering from the same issues. Once you start sharing your problems here, they can help you deal with Facebook Addiction Disorder in a really effective manner. It will also help you keep away from social networking website addiction in the future.

Note: “Facebook addiction disorder” is not medically approved term, rather it is an addictive behavior.

Pain in Back of Head and Neck

Pain in Back of Head and Neck

Pain in back of head and neck can be a cause of great worry and a constant problem in day to day life.  This pain can be occasional or constant depending upon the cause.  In most of the cases, it is due to exhaustion, incorrect posture and strain but in some cases, it can also be caused due to serious problems like herniated disc, sinus infections and several other disorders about which you will learn in the next section of this article.

In most of the cases, pain in back of head and neck is not a serious illness and may go away with mild treatment. However, in some cases immediate medical attention and long-term treatment may be required.

23 Causes of pain in Back of Head and Neck

  1. Tension headaches :- When the muscles tighten in the head or neck, it might lead to a tension headache. It can be caused by multiple factors, which include grinding the teeth, exhaustion of sleep, anxiety, poor posture and others. This type of a headache begins in the neck or back of the head while producing pain.
  1. Vascular Headaches :- This is experienced in the form of a dull pain, which is caused on one side of the head. This is triggered by stress along with anxiety or lack of sleep. As a result, it causes nausea and vomiting.
  1. Migraine :- This is caused due to problems associated with neck, which can often be treated for reducing the frequency and severity of the pain. This is more common among women than in men.
  1. Cervicogenic headaches :- This headache is a result of disorders of the neck, which includes poor posture, stress and other factors. The pain further radiates into the upper back, back of the head, shoulders along with other parts of the head.
  1. Sinus headaches :- When the sphenoid sinuses are inflamed or get infected, it can lead to pain in the back of the head. It gets worse when you lie down or bend forward.
  1. Occipital Neuralgia :- This causes when the nerves present at the base of the skull are damaged or inflamed. This results in pain caused in the back of the head.
  1. Ice-cream headache :- These are mostly felt in the temples and face. This also occurs at times in the back of the head.
  1. Neck-tongue syndrome :- As the name suggests, the injury in the neck leads to a disturbance in the sense of taste in the tongue. This is caused as a result of irritation taking place on the 2nd cervical nerve.
  1. Accessory Nerve palsy :- This is a result of the damage caused by the accessory nerve. This causes severe pain caused in the neck and shoulder of the side that is affected.
  1. Parkinson’s Disease :- Around ⅓ of people who have Parkinson disease complain about the pain caused in the back of the neck and head, though the causes are not well understood.
  1. Strain or Sprain :- Any kind of sprain or strain caused by the muscles of the neck causes severe pain in the neck, which further radiates back in the head. A common type is a whiplash, which caused due to a motor vehicle accident or sports injuries.
  1. Poor posture :- Sprain injury or strain is a result of poor posture. When the muscles become weak, it leads to causing pain in the back of the neck and also into the head. When the muscles become weak. It is likely to cause pain.
  1. Arthritis :- The joints present in the neck between the vertebrae are prone to arthritis as a result of the repetitive motion of the neck. It can cause pain in the neck, which is associated with the movement. It further leads to bone spurs.
  1. Bone spurs :- The bony growths are a result of the excessive motion of the neck, which leads to the bones rubbing together. The problem that arises is, it puts pressure on surrounding muscles along with nerves, which causes muscle spasms along with pinched nerves, which causes severe pain. The injuries usually cause severe pain in the back of the neck due to radiation of pain into the back of the head.
  1. Tumors :- Cancer or another benign tumor can be present in the soft tissue or in the bony structures. With the growth of the tumor, it causes pain the back of the head and neck. When the tumor grows, the pain might be caused.
  2. Herniated Disc :- A disc herniation can occur in the spine due to high intensity of pressure on the cervical spine because of constant motion and stress on it. When a disc slips from its normal position, it can cause a slip disc resulting in an inflammatory reaction which leads to irritation of nerve roots. This results in pain in back of head and neck.
  3. Whiplash :- A whiplash occurs when a person suffers a sudden jerk or the head moves backward and then forward all of a sudden. In such a situation, the soft tissues of the neck extend beyond a limit and this results in pain in back of head and neck. Whiplash occurs mostly because of injuries, physical abuse or accidents like car collisions.
  4. Wry Neck (Torticollis) :- A wry neck is a painful condition marked by twisting or tilting of the neck. In this case, the top of the head moves to one side while the chin moves to the other. A damage to the neck muscles can result in pain in back of head and neck.
  5. Fibromyalgia :- Fibromyalgia is a chronic illness which is marked by widespread pain in body muscles and bones, mild to severe pain on the tender points and constant fatigue. One of the tender points is the area at the back of neck and head which starts paining when you get tired or fatigued.
  6. Meningitis :- Meningitis is a life threatening condition which is marked by the inflammation of the meninges and infection of the fluid surrounding the meninges. The meninges are the three membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord. The microorganisms responsible for this infection are often virus and bacteria and it requires immediate medical condition. Pain in back of head and neck is one of the symptoms of Meningitis.
  7. Polymyalgia Rheumatica :- Polymyalgia Rheumatica is an inflammatory disease marked by muscle stiffness and pain, especially pain in the back of head and neck and shoulders. The pain is often so severe, that it can interfere in day to day activities. The symptoms can appear suddenly and are worse in the morning.
  8. Spinal Stenosis :- Spinal Stenosis is a problem in which the spinal column becomes narrow and starts compressing the spinal cord. The spinal nerves that run across the vertebrae and send signals to the brain and the rest of the body start compressing and can also cause pain in the back of head and neck. It can also cause problem in daily activities like walking, running and balancing.
  9. Subacute Thyroiditis :- It is a type of inflammation of the thyroid gland, which causes acute pain in the gland and the surrounding areas. Some common symptoms of this problem are fatigue, body weakness and muscular pain. Pain in back of head and neck is also one of the common symptoms of Subacute Thyroiditis.

   Symptoms of Pain in Back of Head and Neck

Some other symptoms that are accompanied with pain in back of head and neck are:

1. A slight pressure around the ear and eyes
2. Pain in the scalp area
3. Pain in the temples
4. Difficulty in sleeping
5. Nausea
6. Vomiting

Treatment for pain in Back of head and Neck

  1. Rest and Sleep :- Healthcare providers recommend for resting in the affected area when in cases of muscle or ligament strain. The cervical collar might be recommended by the doctor to be worn for a few days.
  1. Heat and Ice :- The altering use of heat and ice can be used for treating pain in the neck and back. Most practitioners recommend the use of cold for decreasing swelling. Cold therapy and cold packs applied locally can help a great deal in reducing inflammation, while hot packs can increase blood flow and speed up healing.
  1. OTC Pain Killers :- Over-the-counter pain relievers, which include aspirin, acetaminophen and ibuprofen are very effective for treatment of acute pain caused by the head and neck. Ibuprofen along with other anti-inflammatories is very effective when the pain caused due to inflammation or swelling.
  1. Exercises :- Stretching exercises along with neck massage help in relieving stiffness caused in the muscles. It is extremely important to avoid exercise until being evaluated by the doctor. Only after a complete evaluation, it is safe to start a program of exercise.
  1. Things to Avoid :- When individuals suffer from pain in neck and back of the head, following things should be followed.
    1. Try avoiding additional injury, which might cause further damage.
    2. Avoid coming to bright sunlight or bright light, which might cause a headache.
    3. Consumption of a large amount of caffeine can cause a headache. However, cutting out on caffeine can also lead to a headache.
    4. Avoid chewing soft candy or gum, which can cause neck muscle and jaw stiffness.
    5. Salt and MSG have known triggers of headaches.
    6. Smoking and consumption of alcohol lead to headaches, in addition to other health problems.

Home Remedies for pain in Back of head and Neck

  1. Almonds :- Instead of opting for pain relief medication, pop some almonds. Almonds are one of the best and most effective natural treatments for all kinds of muscle stiffness and pain. It contains a chemical called salicin which is also used in popular over the counter pain killers.
  2. Apple Cider Compress :- Apple Cider Vinegar is believed to be one of the most effective natural agents for various kinds of medical ailments. Mix 1/4th cup of Apple Cider Vinegar with a bowl of lukewarm water. Dip a towel and apply at the back of the head to relieve pressure and pain in back of head and neck.
  3. Avoid Monosodium Glutamate :- Monosodium Glutamate is a flavoring agent used in variety of food items. Many people suffer headaches and pain in various parts of head and neck on consuming it. Be careful with food that contain MSG if you are suffering from any kind of head or back pain.
  4. Apply Peppermint Oil :- Peppermint oil can be applied to the spot where you are experiencing pain. It has an amazing soothing and healing effect and helps in dealing with muscular pain and cramps.
  5. Cut Down on Caffeine Consumption :- Try to avoid chocolate and drinks like coffee, that contain caffeine. It is a common trigger for headache, further causing pain in back of head and neck.

Blue Waffles Disease

Blue Waffles Disease

Blue Waffles Disease Definition and meaning :- It is an infectious disease of the genitals which majorly affects females. It comes under sexually transmitted infections.

What is Blue Waffles Disease?

The terminology “Blue Waffles” is a description of the disease. Blue because it causes bluish coloration of the female vagina’s labia and waffle is the name for the female reproductive organ. It is a sexually transmitted disease marked by severe inflammation of the affected area.

The folds that cover the vagina are pronounced labia which is further divided into two sections: labia minora (the inner lining) and labia majora (the outer lining). At the initial stages of the infection, you will notice red circular patches surrounded by blue colored skin in the vaginal environment which occurs as a result of reduced blood flow to the affected area.

There is no medical confirmation on this disease so far nor is it mentioned in any medical citations by hospitals or medical books.

Symptoms of Blue Waffles Disease

Blue Waffle Disease is believed to exhibit the following signs and symptoms:

  • Persistent itching in the vaginal area
  • Inflammation of the affected vaginal area
  • Unexplained vaginal discharge
  • Pain during urination
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Lower abdomen pain
  • Dark brown or red spots on the folds of the vagina
  • Unexplained vaginal bleeding
  • Discoloration of the vagina to a bluish shade followed by a purplish color
  • Bad odor from the vaginal discharge
  • Deformity of external and internal vaginal tissues
  • Tingling sensation in the vagina
  • Burning sensation in the vulva
  • Soreness of the vaginal area
  • Intense dryness of the vaginal area
  • Feeling of fullness in the abdomen

Causes of Blue Waffles Disease

This disease is caused by different strains of microorganisms and parasites breeding on the lips of the vagina. These organisms cause infection which leads to discoloration of the vagina to a bluish or purplish shade. In people with low immunity level, the effect of the disease is much more than those with a relatively healthy immune system.

Blue Waffles Disease is believed to be caused due to the following:

UNPROTECTED SEX :- Unprotected sex is one of the major factors responsible for the disease. Sharing sex toys, having multiple sex partners and using various objects for masturbation can also be responsible for the disease. Minor injuries like cuts and scratches inside the vagina can also add to the possibility of occurrence of the Blue Waffles Disease.

POOR SANITATION :- Females with despicable hygiene are at a higher risk of the disease. Wearing the same underpants for more than one day and using the same soiled sanitary napkin for more than twelve hours are poor hygiene practices and should be avoided. The dampness of the vagina caused by them promotes the growth of microorganisms which results in severe infections like the Blue Waffles Disease.

WEAK IMMUNE SYSTEM :- Females with a weak immune system are at an increased risk of developing the Blue Waffles Disease. In such cases, the body is not able to combat the infection causing microorganisms which further helps them in attacking other parts of the body and spreading the contamination.

ABSENCE OF ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS :- The absence of adequate nutrients in the body makes the immune system weak, ultimately resulting in the occurrence of gynecologist. The body constantly needs essential vitamins and minerals to maintain the nutritional balance and boost the immune system. A nutritious diet is highly important for fighting against infections like the Blue Waffles Disease.

GOOD BACTERIA :- Overgrowth of good bacteria can lead to destruction of bad bacteria responsible for infections. Any disturbance in the balance of bacteria can lead to infections.


Below is a list of other factors that can also cause the Blue Waffles Disease:

  • Tight clothing
  • Unclean vagina
  • Use of female hygiene lotions and sprays
  • Use of contaminated objects for masturbation

Risk Factors of Blue Waffles Disease

Men and women with multiple sex partners are at an increased danger of developing this infection. The best way to protect you is to stick to a single sex partner and indulge in protected sex. Ask your male partner to use a condom so that the chances of occurrence of the Blue Waffles Disease get further reduced.

People who have a weak immune system and poor hygiene practices are also at a risk of developing this infection.

Be alert and look out for the following to keep a check on your infection:

  • Irritation and soreness of the vagina
  • Coloration or shade of the vagina and its surroundings
  • Odor of the vagina

Blue Waffles Disease in Women

In case of women, the female genital area i.e. the vaginal area is highly prone to the Blue Waffles infection. It leads to discoloration of the vagina resulting in a bluish shade which turns purple with time. Other symptoms that are observed in case of Blue Waffles disease in women are vaginal inflammation, severe pain and irritation.

Blue Waffles Disease in Men

Not only women, but men can also be infected with the Blue Waffles disease. However, the female vagina is more susceptible to the disease due to its moist environment which provides a comfortable breeding space for microorganisms.

Is Blue Waffles Disease a Sexually Transmitted Disease?

It is still not clear if it is an STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) or a simple bacterial infection. Some believe that it is caused because of practices like unprotected sex while some believe that growth of bacterial strains because of poor hygiene and weak immune systems is responsible for its occurrence.

When to consult your General Physician for Blue Waffles Disease?

If you are experiencing any signs and symptoms as listed in the “Signs and Symptoms” section mentioned above and they seem to worsen with time, you must consult your general physician immediately.

After initial rounds of examination, the general physician may ask you to consult your gynecologist.

Diagnosis of Blue Waffles Disease

The doctor will ask about your medical history and also conduct a pelvic or vaginal examination if required. If there is an infection in the vagina, your doctor will clearly be able to spot it.

Treatment of Blue Waffles Disease

The doctor may recommend one or more lines of treatment as given below, based on your symptoms:

ANTIBIOTICS :- Doctors prescribe Antibiotics like Metrogel and Flagyl for treating bacterial infections like the Blue Waffles Disease.

ANTI-FUNGAL :- Anti-fungal ointments and lotions like Clotrimazole and Miconazole as also recommended for such infections.

Prevention of Blue Waffles Disease

Prevention is always better than cure! Here are some prevention tips that you can adopt to keep yourself safe from infections like the Blue Waffles Disease:

  • Eat healthy food
  • Wear appropriately washed undergarments
  • Use protection during sexual intercourse
  • Do not wear very tight underpants or trousers
  • Change sanitary napkins after every 8-10 hours
  • Clean the vagina thoroughly after sexual intercourse
  • Avoid sex with multiple partners
  • Opt for a nutritious diet plan to keep your immune system high
  • Do not use contaminated objects for masturbation
  • Always keep the vaginal area dry

The more preventive measures you take the lesser the chances of getting the Blue Waffles infection.

Home Remedies of Blue Waffles Disease

TEA TREE OIL :- Tea tree oil is used to treat several bacterial infections in various parts of the body, especially vaginal infections. Fill the water tub with lukewarm water and add 5-6 drops of tea tree oil. Submerge the affected area in the water and soak it for 30 minutes. This is one of the best natural methods to treat Blue Waffles Disease.

MULTI-VITAMINS :- Multi-vitamins are a must for strengthening the immune system in order to stop the bacteria from causing infections.

USING VAGINAL POWDERS :- Medicated powders, prescribed by the doctor can be applied to the vagina in order to reduce the moisture and keep it dry. The more the moisture content, higher are the chances to contract infection.

Blue Waffles Disease Fact or Fiction?

Till date, there has been no confirmation of the existence of the Blue Waffles Disease. However, because of some pictures doing the rounds on the internet, people all over the world believe that the disease exists for sure. Also, it is a means of educating teenagers about safe sex practices and maintenance of personal and sexual hygiene.

Blue Waffles Disease Pictures

This picture clearly indicates how Blue Waffles Disease looks in women.

blue waffles disease in women pictures

Picture : Blue waffles diseases in women

Dragon Fruit

Dragon Fruit

History of Dragon Fruit :- This exotic fruit is innate to Central America and dates back to the 13th century. It was broadly grown in Vietnam with the average yield being 25-30 tons per hectare. People believe that the French introduced the fruit to the Vietnamese.

What is a Dragon Fruit?

It is an exotic and one of the most nutrition filled fruits in the world. It is not only delicious but also has amazing health benefits. It is also known as Pitaya Fruit or Pitahaya Fruit and is the favorite fruit of most of the Asian population.

The taste of Dragon fruit is lightly sweet, and the color of the skin and inner flesh is contrasting. This piece of beauty contains high water content and essential nutrients for the healthy body. Its nutritional value makes it a part of the main fibrous diets and foods use for the healthy functioning of the human body.

How does a Dragon Fruit look?

It is a beautiful looking fruit with bright colors like reddish-pink skin and white inner pulp, reddish-pink skin and red inner pulp and yellow skin and white inner pulp. Its skin has scales, and the pulp contains several tiny black seeds.

How does a Dragon Fruit taste?

The taste of this exotic fruit lies between the taste of a kiwi and a pear. It is neither too sweet nor too bland. The inner pulp is mildly sweet and has high water content.

Pollination of Dragon Fruit

The fruit belongs to the Hylocereus Undatus family. It has a reddish-pink skin and red or white skin depending on the breed. The fruit grows from the dragon fruit cactus plant looks like vines, and you will be surprised to know that pollination of this plant is performed by nocturnal animals like moths and bats, unlike the day pollination is done by bees.

Cultivation of Dragon Fruit

This exotic cactus fruit plant requires less water for its cultivation. It requires rainfall between 500-1200 mm and maximum temperature of 39-40 degree Celsius. Too much rain can cause the flower to tear away, and the fruit to decay and the worst enemy of this plant is water-logging which can kill it. In the very first year of cultivation, the dragon fruit plant starts bearing fresh fruit and a structure of solid poles is required to nurture the plants.

In conditions where the amount of light is very high, it is advisable to provide adequate shade as this plant is susceptible to bleaching when exposed to high levels of radiation and light.

In one acre around 1800 plants can be grown quickly, and the yield is approximately 6-7 tons per acre.

Availability of Dragon Fruit

The plant blossoms from mid-May to June and bears fruit between the months of August to December.

Nutritional Value of a Dragon Fruit

Now you can give a distinctive touch to your boring salad regime by adding a beautiful,  the fruit called the Dragon fruit.

It is a wonderful source of Vitamin C and iron, and 100 grams of the fruit contains the following nutrients:

[table id=11 /]

It is considered one of the highly nutritious fruits because of the high Vitamin C and Iron content.

How to pick the perfect Dragon fruit?

When purchasing this tropical fruit, look for a piece which is has a bright and evenly shaded skin. If it has too many scales or patches, the fruit is overripe. If you feel that you’ve picked the perfect piece but it is not properly ripe, leave it to ripen for a few days.

How to store a Dragon Fruit?

There is not proper way to store the fruit. You can leave it in the open in the fruit basket for days together or store it in the refrigerator for up to 3 months.  If you’ve cut the Dragon fruit, you must keep the pieces in a plastic bag and freeze them to ensure that their quality does not reduce.

Is Dragon fruit a crossbreed?

No! It is certainly not a crossbreed and comes from a cactus plant.

Benefits of Dragon Fruit

These fruits are highly nutritious in nature and contain the perfect quantity of essential nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and fiber. The benefits of Dragon fruit are:

  • Boosting Immunity :- It has unusual ability to boost your immune system. The high quantity of Vitamin C present in the fruit helps in making the body’s defense system healthy and keeps the antioxidants active.
  • Weight Reduction :- It is low in calories, and this makes it a delight for weight loss.  One Dragon fruit can fill your tummy enough to sustain you for half a day.
  • Metabolism  :- The protein content in Dragon fruits makes them very helpful regarding your body’s metabolism. Protein is an essential component of many body parts like skin, hair, teeth, etc. and is required for the smooth functioning of the body. It helps in speeding up repair process of body cells, improves body strength by making the muscles strong, speeds up the metabolic process and also helps in weight reduction.
  • Digestion :- The high fiber content in Dragon fruit helps in digestion. It is essential for proper bowel movement, facilitation of smooth passage of stools, stimulation of peristaltic motion and release of digestive juices. Regulation of bowel movements reduces constipation and prevents irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Cardiovascular Health :- Zero cholesterol content in Dragon fruit aids cardiovascular health. Reduction in the cholesterol content in the blood reduces the chances of plaque formation in the arteries reducing the risk of heart attack. It helps in increasing HDL i.e. the good cholesterol and lowering LDL which is the bad cholesterol.
  • Antibacterial and Antifungal Property :- The strong anti-fungal and antibacterial strength of Dragon fruit make it a blessing for the immune system. These helps in increasing the white blood cell count of the body and inhibit the growth of foreign bodies like bacteria and fungus that affect the body. It also helps in speedy recovery of wounds and increased cell generation.
  • Cancer Prevention :- Dragon fruit contains natural antioxidants and Vitamin C which assist in protecting the immune system. It also contains carotene which is associated with some anti-carcinogenic properties. It is helpful for the body and helps in preventing deadly diseases like cancer.
  • Active Antioxidants :- This fruit contains several anti-oxidants that reduce free radicals which can cause cancer and several other deadly diseases. Even nutritional pills cannot match the quality of antioxidants present in Dragon fruit. Some of the important antioxidants found in Dragon fruit are:
    • Flavonoids :-  This antioxidant is associated with improved brain health and reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases.
    • Betalains :-  This antioxidant protects the bad cholesterol or LDL cholesterol from converting into an over-oxidized product or getting damaged.
    • Hydroxycinnamates :- This antioxidant has been proved to act as an anti-cancer agent during various experiments in test tubes.
  • Insulin Resistance and Fatty Liver Disease :- Red as well as white varieties of Dragon Fruit help in reduction of insulin resistance and fatty liver disease.
  • Skin Care :- This exotic fruit is used as a natural therapy for skin because of its highly antioxidant and Vitamin C content. Making a paste of Dragon fruit pulp and applying it on the face can help in slowing down the ageing process and also helps in prevention of acne.
  • High Potassium :- This fruit also comes with the large quantity of potassium and calcium which helps in protecting and developing the bone structure. Potassium is also required for proper cellular and electrical nerve function. It helps in maintaining body water content, pH level of the body and protects the heart and kidney.
  • Recovery of Lost Appetite :- Vitamin B2 content present in the fruit helps in getting back lost appetite and reduces nausea.
  • Treatment of Coloured or Dyed Hair :- Dragon fruit is a wonderful treat for colored hair. You can use the fruit’s juice or the fruit based conditioner to treat chemically colored or bleached hair. It allows the hair follicles to stay optimally open and keeps hair plane and healthy.
  • Arthritis :- The fruit acts as an anti-inflammatory fruit when it comes to ailments of joints and bones like arthritis. It helps in reducing pain and inflammation.

Is Dragon fruit safe during Pregnancy?

This exotic fruit is really helpful during pregnancy as it contains high fiber which helps in dealing with constipation. You should consume at least 30 grams of it every day if you are pregnant.

Are there any adverse effects of Dragon Fruit?

Though this tropical fruit is safe but some people may be allergic to it. Some people also have antibodies for Dragon fruit.

How to eat Dragon fruit?


How to cut dragon fruit properly

Picture: How to cut the fruit properly

Follow these simple steps as below:

  1. Find a Dragon fruit which is perfectly ripe and colored evenly. To choose the best piece, press the pulp of the fruit. If it is too soft, it means that the fruit is overripe. If it is hard, leave it for 2-3 days to ripen properly. Avoid a fruit that has too many scales or spots.
  2. Cut the fruit into two halves. Use a sharp knife to scoop out the pulp evenly. If the fruit is perfectly ripe, it will scoop out without much effort.
  3. Cut the scooped flesh into small pieces and keep them to chill in the refrigerator for a few hours. Cold pieces of this delicious food are a delight to the taste buds!
  4. Do not eat the skin as it is inedible and can cause diarrhea and stomach pain.

Dragon Fruit Healthy Recipes

You can consume this exotic fruit as it is or team it up with other fruits. It is used as a snack, a juice or even a lip-smacking smoothie. Let’s have a look at home interesting Dragon Fruit recipes:

Tropical Fruit Platter

 Dragon Fruit Salad Picture


  • 1 cup fresh diced papaya
  • 1 cup pineapple chunks
  • 1 cup diced mango cubes
  • Sliced strawberry
  • 2 cups diced Dragon fruit
  • One tablespoon fresh lime juice for dressing
  • Two tablespoons brown sugar refined


  • Mix lime juice and refined brown sugar in a bowl until the dressing ingredients completely dissolve and mix with each other
  • Add all the cut fruits in a separate bowl and pour the dressing evenly over the fruits
  • Toss well to mix properly
  • Pour the ingredients in a platter and enjoy with a scoop of vanilla ice-cream

Dragon Fruit Yoghurt


  • 1 cup sliced Dragon fruit
  • 1 cup Greek yogurt
  • ½ cup chopped nuts


  • Take sliced Dragon fruit in a small bowl
  • Add the Greek yogurt from top
  • Sprinkle the chopped nuts evenly
  • Mix well
  • Refrigerate for one hour to enjoy a refreshing delight

Dragon Fruit Shake

Low fat Dragon fruit shake in glass picture


  • 1 cup sliced Dragon fruit
  • Two tablespoons of refined brown sugar
  • 1 cup sparkling mineral water
  • Fresh juice from 1 lime
  • Crushed ice
  • Five basil leaves
  • Two oranges (peeled)


  • Cut two thin slices of Dragon fruit for decoration
  • Place the remaining fruit pulp, 2 peeled oranges, lime juice, brown sugar and sparkling water in a mixed or blender
  • Continue to blend until a smooth mix is formed
  • Place the crushed ice into glasses
  • Pour the shake into the glasses and garnish with a cut Dragon fruit slices

Dragon Fruit Pictures

Here are some interesting pictures of the exotic fruit we’ve been talking about throughout the article!

Dragon fruit picture

Picture 1: An inner and outer view

Dragon fruit image

Picture 2 : Different varieties

Dragon fruit inner flesh picture

Picture 3:  Inner flesh of the fruit

 Dragon fruit cactus plant picture

Picture 4:  Dragon fruit cactus plant

fruits in dragon fruit plants

Picture 5: Growing fruits in Dragon Fruit Trees or Plants



Cyst Definition and meaning:- It is an abnormal lump or sac like structure, mostly filled with fluid which can be found anywhere on the body.

What is a Cyst?

It is an abnormal pouch like structure or lump that can grow anywhere on the body. It is usually filled with liquid substance, but sometimes a it can also contain a gaseous or semi-solid substance and have an outer layer termed as a capsule.

Cysts can vary in size depending upon the type and location of occurrence. Some cysts are just a few centimeters in diameter while some are so large that they can even cause displacement of certain organs. For instance, an ovarian cyst can cause the ovary to twist resulting in blocked blood supply and severe pain.

The lump can occur at various locations or tissues and is often named after the area where it occurs. For example, a fluid filled growth in the ovary is called an ovarian cyst while the one that occurs in the brain is called a brain cyst.

31 Types of Cyst in Human Body

There are as many as hundred types of cysts that can grow anywhere on the body. Most of the them are benign; however some cysts can become cancerous if left untreated. Let’s look at different types of cysts that are found in the body:

  1. Breast Cyst is a fluid-filled sac inside the breast. A woman can have a it in one breast or even both. They are usually round or oval in shape and have divergent edges. A breast cyst can vary in size from mere centimeters to up to 2 inches in diameter and often resembles a water-balloon. Click here for detailed information.
  1. Ganglion Cyst typically affects the joints and tendons. It is a bulge on the wrists or hands that occurs alongside the tendons or joints. It is filled with a clear fluid and looks like a golf ball filled with thick, gummy and clear looking gelatine like material. Check out for more information.
  1. Dermoid Lump is a sac like growth present since birth and contains fillings like teeth, hair, fluid or extra skin glands that are found in the skin. It can be found in diverse organs or parts of the body like ovaries, spine, nasal canal, brain or the neck and can grow in the womb itself. It is difficult to prevent a dermoid cyst. Click here to get more information.
  1. Ovarian Cyst  is an assembly of fluid or a fluid filled sac which develops in one or both the ovaries of a woman. Any ovarian follicle present in the ovaries which is larger than 2 cm in diameter is termed as an ovarian cyst. They can range comprehensively in size and can be as small as a pearl or as large as an orange. Check out for more information by clicking here.
  1. Baker’s Cyst  is a fluid filled pouch that occurs as a lump at the back side of the knee. It is filled with synovial fluid that is a greasing fluid found inside the knee joint and is mostly found in patients who have an underlying knee condition like osteoarthritis. It is also called a popliteal cyst. Click here to know more.
  1. Bartholin Cyst  is a fluid or mucus filled sac which forms when the duct of the Bartholin gland gets clogged. If the fluid inside the cyst gets infected, you can develop pus formation surrounded by inflamed tissues resulting in Bartholin abscess formation. Click here to get more information.
  1. Arachnoid Cyst :- It is an accumulation of the cerebrospinal fluid covered by collagen and the arachnoid cells. It develops in between the base of the brain in the cranial base or on the arachnoid membrane.
  1. Labia Cyst is a fluid-filled closed sac that can occur on either side of the vaginal canal. It is painless in nature and is often caused by physical trauma, such as laceration or surgery. The cyst is usually very small and cannot be seen by the naked eye, but in some rare cases it may grow to the size of an apple.
  1. Pilonidal Cyst is an atypical growth in the skin and is usually filled with hair and skin debris. It is located at the extreme end of the tail bone and at the top fold of the rears above the sacrum. It usually occurs when a hair strand punctures the skin and gets embedded in it. Click here to check out for more information.
  1. A Nabothian cyst is a cyst or a mucous filled sac that grows on the surface of the cervix, which is the joining body part between the vagina and the uterus located at the lower end of the uterus, at the top of the vagina. Click here for more information.
  1. Spermatocele :- A cyst like mass that forms within the epididymis is called Spermatocele. It is filled with deceased sperm cells and fluid and is also called an epididymis cyst. Spermatoceles are benign in nature and do not affect the sexual functioning of a man or his erectile role or reproductive capability. click here for more information on spermatocele.
  1. Pineal Cyst :- Pineal cysts are the cysts that form in the pineal gland, a small organ in the brain that produces melatonin which is a sleep-regulating hormone. Pineal cysts are very common and are often found in up to 15% of people undergoing CT or MRI brain imaging.
  1. A Sebaceous cyst is a benign cyst that forms on the skin and contain an oily or semi-liquid material. It often contains fragments of Keratin that is whitish in color. They are mostly seen on the face, neck or torso. It is a slow growing lump under the skin which is mobile and gives out coarse order. Find out more by clicking here.
  1. Colloid Cyst is a gradually-growing tumor which is typically found near the center of the brain. In case it becomes large, it obstructs cerebrospinal fluid movement, resulting in accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain (hydrocephalus) and raised brain pressure.
  1. Thyroid Cyst is a fluid-filled nodule in the thyroid glands, resulting from the degeneration of thyroid adenomas. These cysts are generally benign in nature, but they infrequently contain malignant solid components.
  1. Pancreatic Cyst :- Pancreatic cysts are bags of fluid on or inside the pancreas which is a large organ behind the stomach that harvests hormones and enzymes required for the digestion of food. Most of the pancreatic cysts benign and do not show any signs or symptoms.
  1. Pilar Cyst which is also known as trichilemmal cysts is a subcutaneous cyst that is found on the scalp. It originates from the hair follicles and is filled with keratin, the protein which is widely found in nails, hair and skin. Pilar cysts are benign in nature and are often inherited from parents. Find out more by clicking here.
  1. Tarlov Cyst :- Tarlov cysts are fluid-filled sacs that affect the nerve origins of the spine, especially near the base of the spine.
  1. Conjunctival Cyst is a thin-walled pouch or vesicle that contains fluid. This cyst may develop either under or inside the conjunctiva. It generally does not require treatment and goes away on its own.
  1. Haemorrhagic Cyst contains blood or starts bleeding is called a Haemorrhagic Cyst. For example, Haemorrhagic ovarian cysts (HOCs) usually result from haemorrhage into a corpus luteum or other functional cyst.
  1. A maxillary sinus cyst is a benign formation which is a small pouch with a two-layer boundary and is filled with liquid. They are not harmful unless they breed themselves and cause intrusion on the growth of other tissues neighboring them. They can be caused by contaminations or inflammatory reactions.
  1. Aneurysmal Cyst :- These abrasions are found in bones and other arrangements and contain of neoplastic cells and blood vessels that look like a sponge-like structure.
  1. Liver Cyst or Hepatic Cyst is a fluid-filled cavity in the liver which usually causes no signs or symptoms. It usually does not require treatment. Sometimes it may become large enough to cause pain or uneasiness in the upper right part of the abdomen.
  1. Lumbar Synovial Cyst  grows in the lumbar spine and may cause symptoms of spinal stenosis is called Lumbar Synovial.
  1. Epidermoid Cyst :- Epidermoid cysts are also called sebaceous, keratin, or epithelial cysts and are small, hard bumps that develop underneath the skin. These cysts are common and grow very gradually. Epidermoid cysts are often found on the face, head, neck, back, or genitals.
  1. Cystic Hygroma :- A cystic hygroma which is also known as cystic lymphangioma and macrocystic lymphatic malformation is a congenital multiloculated lymphatic lesion that can grow anywhere, but is classically found in the left subsequent area of the neck and armpits.
  1. Hydatid Disease :- In Hydatid disease, a small tapeworm forms cysts in the liver or lungs. The tapeworm eggs are spread by interaction with infested dogs, their faeces or anything contaminated with faeces such as soil.
  1. Chalazion Cyst :- The tiny eyelid glands (meibomian glands) make an emollient that comes out of tiny openings in the edges of the eyelids. Cysts can form if these ducts get blocked due to one or more reasons.
  1.  A dentigerous or follicular cyst is associated with the crown of a non-erupted (or partially erupted) tooth. The cyst cavity is ruled by epithelial cells that grow from the abridged enamel epithelium of the tooth forming organ.
  1. Periapical Cyst :- Periapical cysts, also known as radicular cysts, are the most common cystic lacerations related to teeth and form as a result of infection of the teeth.

They are generally present as round or pear-shaped, unilocular, semi-transparent lesions in the periapical region and less than 1 cm in size.

  1. Renal Cyst :- A variety of cysts can develop in the kidneys. Renal cysts contain fluids and may sometimes also contain blood. Some renal lumps are present since birth while the others may be caused by tubular blockages. Patients with kidney vascular diseases may also have these lumps formed by the dilatation of blood vessels.

Size of a Cyst

The size of can range from a few centimeters to up to 50 centimeters in diameter depending upon its type and location of growth. In case of ovaries, sometimes these can become so large that they cause the ovary to twist (torsion), blocking the blood supply and causing severe pain.

Characteristics of a Cyst

Some precise characteristic that make these fluid filled sacs distinct are:

  • Round or oval shape with distinct edges
  • Gradual growth
  • Movable lumps which are generally painless in nature
  • Lumps filled with one or more substances like fluid, gas, hair or other debris found in the body
  • Redness on getting infected

Symptoms of a Cyst

Most of the small lumps do not show any sign or symptoms. However, the list of symptoms widely depends upon the location of occurrence and type . Some possible symptoms that can be generalized are:

  • Pain in the area of occurrence, especially in case of cysts that grow on or inside the skin
  • A movable lump
  • Increase in size of the lump
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Discomfort
  • Redness
  • Inflammation of the affected area
  • Headache

Causes of a Cyst

Cysts are common defects that can occur in people of any age group, sex or gender. There are a variety of them (as discussed above) and each of them grows as a result of a specific mechanism or reaction in the body.

Some of them are caused by defects during the embryonic growth whereas the others are caused due to physical trauma or obstructions in the flow of body fluids in various organs.

For example, a sebaceous growth is formed due to blockage in the sebaceous gland that contains oil like fluid.

Other causes are:

  • Tumors
  • Genetic circumstances
  • Viral or Bacterial infections
  • Chronic inflammatory diseases
  • Parasite infestation

Which Doctor Treats a Cyst?

The first doctor that you will visit, after discovering your lump will most likely be your general physician or family doctor. However, after diagnostic examinations and findings, you may be referred to a specialist based on the location of occurrence. For instance, for an ovarian cyst you may be referred to a gynecologist, for an unwanted growth in the brain, you may be referred to a neurologist, for a growth in the spine; you may be referred to an orthopedic surgeon and so on.

When are the risk factors associated with cysts?

Though it is difficult to list risk factors for each type, there are certain risk factors that come with all types of cysts. They are:

  • Tumors
  • Infections
  • Serious inflammatory reactions or conditions
  • Malignancy (in very rare cases)

Are cysts and fibroid the same thing?

Fibroids and cysts are benign growths that can cause severe symptoms like pain and bleeding while sometimes they can no symptoms at all. Both can range in size from very small to very large and can be single or multiple during the growth stages.

The main difference between a fibroid and a cyst is the location of occurrence and the texture of the growth. Fibroids are usually found in the uterus while cysts can occur anywhere in the body. Also, cysts are filled with a certain type of fluid, depending upon the type of cyst, while fibroids are filled with dense tissues.

Both can be diagnosed during pelvic ultrasounds and require surgery during the later phases when conventional treatment does not yield good results. Also, the cause of ovarian cysts and fibroids are common which is Liver overwork and Estrogen dominance.

What is the difference between a tumor and a cyst?

A cyst is a sac filled with one or more types of fluid and is usually benign in nature. It can form in any part of the body including parts like bones and soft tissues, whereas, a tumor an abnormal collection of tissues or swelling which can form in any part of the body. A tumor can be benign or cancerous in nature.

Can cysts become cancerous?

Cysts are common fluid-filled growth that can form on any part of the body. They are usually non-cancerous in nature and rarely turn cancerous. However, it is very important to ascertain whether your growth is just a cyst or something serious like cancer.

An ultrasound is the easiest way to find out if your lump is a cyst or not. Your doctor may also create an incision in the sac to drain the extra fluid to check the presence of cancer cells.

Are cysts hereditary?

Yes! Some cysts are hereditary.

For instance, polycystic kidney disease is one autosomal recessive and autosomal disease where the genes that cause them have been identified during medical studies. There is also a strain of genes that causes these lumps to grow in only one part of the kidney called the medulla.

A tendency to form pilar and sebaceous cysts also runs in some families and is hereditary. Other cysts like epidermoid cysts, ovarian cysts, pilonidal cysts etc are generally not causes because of genes or family history.

Are cysts contagious?

No. Cysts are not contagious even if the causative agent in a virus or bacteria. The growth is the body’s reaction to foreign body contamination and is filled with one or more kind of substance like fluid.

When to visit a doctor?

If you are facing any of the below symptoms, then it’s time you must rush to a doctor for immediate consultation:

  • An extremely painful cyst
  • Inflammation or redness
  • A rapidly growing lump
  • Change in color of the lump
  • Sudden rupture
  • Any kind of infection
  • A lump that is oozing pus or blood
  • Sudden onset of high fever

How to prepare yourself for a cyst appointment?

It does not matter whether your first appointment takes place at your general physician’s clinic or a specialist’s clinic. There are certain tips that you should keep in mind and adhere to before you set out for your appointment:

  • Make a detailed list of your symptoms including those which are not directly related to the cyst. Do not miss out on any as your symptoms form the basis of the initial diagnosis.
  • Jot down a brief note of your medical history and on-going treatment (if any)
  • Make a list of medicines and supplements that you are currently taking
  • Prepare a list of questions that you may want to ask your doctor about your cyst.

Some of those questions can be:

  • What caused it to grow?
  • Does the presence of the lump increase my risk of any sort of cancer?
  • What kind of tests will I be asked to undergo?
  • Does the lump require treatment?
  • Are there any points that I have to follow?
  • What is the name of my problem?
  • Does it increase my list of developing cysts in other parts of the body?
  • What if I leave it untreated?
  • Is it hereditary in nature?

For the moment, also be ready to answer the following questions that your doctor may ask you:

  • When did you first notice the symptoms?
  • How long has the lump been there?
  • Is it painful?
  • If yes, what is the severity of the pain?
  • Is it accompanied by fever?
  • Have you ever had a problem like this before?
  • Does anyone if your family have a i?
  • Do you have any underlying medical condition?
  • Are you consuming any medication or supplements?
  • When did you last have any diagnostic tests?

Diagnosis of a Cyst

Once your doctor is sure that you have a cyst, you will be asked to undergo a series of blood tests and imaging tests that will help your doctor conclude which type of cyst you have and what treatment will you require. Some tests that you may be asked to undergo are:

  • Blood tests
  • X-rays
  • Ultrasound
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • CAT scan
  • Needle biopsy (in case the doctor suspects malignancy)

Treatment of a Cyst

Normally, cysts are left alone and do not require any treatment. However, if they grow larger than expected, severely painful, red and swollen or infected, it may require immediate treatment and medical attention. In some cases, surgery may be required to remove the it completely. There are three types of surgical techniques that are used to remove cysts surgically:

  1. Conventional Wide Excision
  2. Minimal Excision
  3. Punch Biopsy Excision
  • Conventional Wide Excision :- This method targets the complete removal of the cyst. A wide excision is made on it without draining it. This procedure is mostly used in case of cysts that are firm and do not drain easily. Though this method ensures that it does not grow again, it leaves a big scar which cannot be hidden easily.
  • Minimal Excision :- This procedure involves removal of the cyst along with drainage. It is opted by those who do not wish to have a long scar on their body. However, this method does not ensure the permanent removal of the lump and it can occur anytime again.
  • Punch Biopsy Excision :- This procedure is carried out with the help of laser technique. The incision on the cyst is created using laser and it is then drained. After 4-5 weeks, the wall of the cyst is removed through the minimal excision method. This procedure is accompanied by minimal scarring and the chances of its recurrence is also very less. The only drawback of this procedure being- it is very time consuming.

Treatment of Underlying Medical Condition

If the cause of the cyst is an underlying medical condition, then the condition must be treated in order to avoid the growth of the unwanted lumps filled with fluid. For instance, osteoarthritis is responsible for a cyst at the back of the knee while Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS can be the cause of an ovarian cyst.

Simple Drainage of fluid

Your doctor may drain the trapped fluid from the fluid filled lump using a needle called an aspiration needle. This procedure is performed under the supervision of ultrasounds.

Home Remedies for a Cyst

There are plentiful home remedies that are really helpful in getting rid of different kinds of cysts without the use of surgical treatment. They are:

  • Ice Compress :- You can make ice packs by packing ice cubes in a clean towel. Apply the pack of 15-20 minutes to bring down swelling and pain. Do not apply ice directly over the affected area as it can result in an ice burn. This is useful for cysts like Pilar Cyst, Baker’s cyst and Pilonidal Cyst.
  • Alternate Hot and Cold Compress :- Place a bucket of ice cold water and hot water side by side. Place a towel in both the buckets alternately and place it over the cyst in an alternating fashion for 30-45 seconds each. Continue the hot and cold procedure for 15-20 minutes and repeat 4-5 times a day. Ensure that the water is not very hot or very cold to avoid burning your cyst or the skin.  This technique is also very useful for cysts like Pilar Cyst, Baker’s cyst and Pilonidal Cyst.
  • Apple Cider Vinegar :- It comes handy in eliminating trapped fluid and shrinking the cyst. Prepare a mix by putting together a tablespoon of organic apple cider vinegar and a teaspoon of honey in a glass filled with hand-hot water. Consume the mixture 3-4 times a day before each meal for best results. This is helpful for almost all kinds of cysts.
  • Cold Pressed Castor Oil :- Soak a cotton ball in castor oil and dab it on the cyst gently at least 3 times a day.  This will help in reducing the size of the cyst. The only thing to remember that the cold pressed oil should be a branded one and not any local oil. This is especially very useful in case of Baker’s cyst.
  • Turmeric :- Turmeric is very powerful when it comes to breaking open the cyst and healing it naturally. All you have to do is, boil half a teaspoon of turmeric in one cup of water. Drink the mixture every night before sleeping. You can even consume it during the day. Continue the same remedy for 10-15 days and you will notice changes in the cyst size and shape.
    • You can also make a paste of turmeric and mint and apply it directly on the cyst for half an hour after which you can wash the cyst with plain lukewarm water. This remedy is very useful in case of sebaceous cyst and pilonidal cyst.
  • Baking Soda :- Prepare a mixture of baking soda, salt and water and apply the paste on the cyst. Baking soda has marvellous pH controlling properties which prevents bacterial growth and helps in keeping bacterial infections at bay.
  • Epsom Salt :- You can bathe in a lukewarm Epsom salt bath to get help from pain. It contains magnesium sulphate which helps in providing relief from pain. This home remedy is useful for cysts like pilonidal cysts which are generally painful.
  • Tea Tree Oil :- A magical anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial remedy, tea tree oil helps in dealing with all sorts of bacterial and fungal skin infections that can cause the cyst to become infected. You can prepare a mix of tea tree oil and water and apply it directly on the cyst with the help of a cotton ball. It should contain the ratio 9:1. You can also apply few drops of tea tree oil on the cyst directly and cover it. It is very efficient for treating cysts like sebaceous cyst and pilar cyst.
  • Fresh Herbs :- Herbs like celery seeds; turmeric, black pepper and cinnamon act as powerful anti-inflammatory natural agents and can help in reducing any kind of inflammation caused by the cyst. Make use of these herbs in your day to day meals as much as possible.
  • Cabbage Leaves :- Over the years, cabbage leaves have proved to be a very helpful remedy for treating superficial cysts like dermoid cysts and pilar cysts. It helps in reducing the size of the lump and intensity of pain. All you have to do is, take two clean cabbage leaves and cut them according to the size of your lump. Tie them over the it and leave for 30-45 minutes.
  • Chamomile Tea :- It is considered a good remedy for pain, nausea and discomfort associated especially with ovarian cysts. It is also a very mild sedative and eases stressed and contracted muscles. It is a great remedy of irregular and painful menstrual periods.
    • Mix two spoons of Chamomile Tea in a cup of hot water. Cover and let dissolve for at least 5 minutes. Strain and add one spoon of honey or brown sugar. Consume at least 2 times a day for best results.
  • Ginger Juice :- Ginger prompts menstruation, increases body heat and provides relief from pain and cramps due to its anti-inflammatory properties which makes it an excellent remedy for ovarian cysts.
    • Prepare a mix of ginger juice, turmeric and apple juice together and consume the juice once daily until bump disappears. Ginger tea can also be consumed as an alternate remedy.
  • Homeopathic Measures :- Homeopathic medicines like Silicia and Hedpar Sulph are used to treat almost all cysts naturally. They cause the cyst to reduce in size and disappear without the need of any medication or surgical technique.
  • Vitamin C and D :- Vitamin C and D help in boosting the immune system and allow it to fight deadly bacteria and virus preventing the lumps from deadly infections and rupture. Include citrus fruits like oranges and sweet lime in your daily diet.
  • Aloe Vera Gel :- Aloe Vera gel contains super anti-inflammatory properties that haste up the healing process cysts like Ganglion cysts.
    • Extract some gel from a fresh Aloe Vera leaf and gently apply the gel on the affected area. Leave it untouched for 15-20 minutes after which rinse the gel with plain tap water. Repeat the procedure 2-3 times a day for best results.

Complications of Cysts

There are several possible complications. Some of them are:

  • In case of patients with an infected ruptured lump, the infection can spread to other parts of the body and become dangerous
  • Spinal subdural abscess is also a possible complication if the fatty content causes spread of bacterial infection.
  • In case of growths present in the nasal passage or mouth, the patient can face difficulty in breathing and speech problems
  • Ovarian cysts can cause torsion of the affected ovary, blocking the blood supply and resulting is severe pain.
  • In very rare cases, on being left untreated, they can also transform into carcinomas which are malignant in nature.

Cyst Pictures

Checkout these pictures of different kinds of cysts and how they look.

Breast cyst

Illustration of a lump in the breast

ganglion cyst

Top side view of a Ganglion growth

dermoid cyst

Contents of a dermoid bump

ovarian cyst

Illustration of an Ovarian Cyst

baker's cyst

Baker’s cyst in a patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis

bartholin cyst

A Bartholin gland lump vs A normal vagina

Archanoid Cyst

An Archanoid Cyst


A Spermatocele

Thyroid cyst

X-ray image of a growth in the Thyroid gland

Colloid Cyst

MRI image of a cyst in the brain


Lumbar Synovial Cyst

Illustration of a Lumbar Synovial Lump

hepatic cyst

Laparoscopic view of a hepatic cyst

Red Bananas

Red Banana

Red Bananas are the member of the banana family which is smaller is size as compared to normal bananas. The skin of the red banana is red-brownish is colour and the colour of the inner flesh can range from off-white to cream and even light pink in some cases.

The touch and feel of a red banana is softer when compared to a normal banana and is also sweeter to taste.

Information about Red Bananas

History :- Red bananas are inherent to India and Southeast Asia. Through various trade routes, they have been transported to different sub-tropical and tropical regions where they have grown. Some of those regions are Southeast Asia, New Zealand, Australia, Pacific Island area and South Africa.

Availability :- Red bananas are easily available round the year and during all the seasons.

How to tell when red bananas are ripe?

A Red Banana is ripe when they have a reddish-brown texture and should be kept out of the refrigerator to avoid spoilage.

Taste :- Red bananas are smaller and heartier than an average normal banana. It should be consumed when it is ripe else it will taste like a dry and flaky starch like substance. When it is perfectly ripe, it will have a thick, bright reddish-brown skin and creamy inner flesh. The taste of this beautiful creamy flesh is sweet and soft.

Nutritional Value of Red Bananas

If you are looking to add some tasty, nutritional food to your fruit platter, then nothing can beat a Red Banana.

They are available all year round and can be easily found in local markets. They can be used as a replacement for the normal bananas without sacrificing on the nutritional quotient.

  • Carbohydrates, Proteins and Fat :- An average Red Banana weighing 100 grams contains 90 calories and zero fat content. It is approximately 24 grams of carbohydrates which is roughly 7-8% of the recommended daily carbohydrate dose.

Out of these 24 grams, 16 grams is sugar content while 1 gram each is dietary fibre and protein.

  • Essential Vitamins and Minerals :- The peel or the skin of the Red Banana is the powerhouse of essential vitamins and minerals. A 100 gram Red Banana has 3% of your daily recommended dose of Vitamin A and 15% of Vitamin C. Though it does not contain any amount of calcium or sodium, it does contain iron which is essential mineral for the body. Red Bananas are also a great source of Potassium and Vitamin B6.
  • Sugar Content :- Red Bananas are a good source of beta-carotene and sugars obligatory for the energy required by the body for day to day activities. All kinds of bananas contain three types of sugars: Fructose, Glucose and Sucrose which provide immediate and maintainable energy for the body.

How to pick the perfect Red Bananas?

Picking the perfect Red Banana is a not an Einstein’s job! Look for bunches that are firm and have no cuts, marks, bruises or spots on the peel. Pieces with a reddish-brown look are ripe and good for immediate consumption.

How to store Red Bananas?

Putting the bunch of Red Bananas in the refrigerator is not a good idea as it can lead to spoilage. Keep them out in room temperature so that they can ripen with time, if required.

Benefits of Red Bananas

Red Bananas are highly nutritious in nature and contain adequate amounts of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, mineral and sugars for the body. There are a variety of benefits of this nutritional fruit for the human body. They are:

  • Weight Loss :- Red Banana is calorie wise low and has a low glycaemic index. These values combined, make it a wonderful delight for weight loss. One Red Banana can fill your stomach for a meal without having hunger pangs for several hours. They can help you in following a nutritional diet plan and are a blessing for those who wish to lose weight.
  • Relief from Constipation :- Since Red Bananas are a great source of dietary fibre, they can do wonders when it comes to getting relief from constipation. A single banana can compensate for the body’s daily requirement of dietary fibre. It is therefore highly effective in patients with piles which is caused by irregular bowel movements and chronic constipation disorder.
  • Metabolism and Digestive Health :- Dietary fibre also helps in keeping metabolism intact and improves digestive health.
  • Heart Diseases :- The high fibre and potassium content in Red Bananas make them a power dose for those who are at a risk of heart disease or heart ailments. Potassium is a must have for the body as it regulates electrolyte levels and fluids in the body. It also plays a vivacious role is maintaining the heart muscles and pulls the blood to various parts of the body. It is a very good remedy for Angina Pectoris which is also a symptom of a possible coronary artery disease. Here’s how it helps:
    • Take 20-30 grams of honey and 300-350 grams of Red Banana flesh
    • Mix them together in a bowl
    • Eat once a day on empty stomach for 15-20 days

You will surely notice relief from angina pain.

  • Anaemia :- Being a good source of iron and Vitamin B6, Red Bananas help in beating deficiencies like Anaemia. It helps in maintaining red blood cell metabolism and producing haemoglobin.
  • Enhances Immunity and Prevents Cancer :- Red Bananas contain Vitamin and a colourful substance that helps in boosting immunity and preventing cancer. They also contain anti-oxidants that combat free radicals, thereby further reducing the risk of cancer.
  • Helps in Quitting Smoking :- The potassium and magnesium content in Red Bananas help in combating with nicotine withdrawal. It fights off the side effects caused by cessation of nicotine from daily routine and reduces nicotine craving. This helps a great deal in coping up with the stress and anxiety which a person goes through after quitting smoking.
  • Quick Relief from Heartburn :- The antacid effect of a Red Banana makes it a great remedy for heartburn caused by acidity. Daily consumption of Red Bananas can really help in getting over reflux diseases and heartburn.
  • Relief from Frequent Urination :- If you are troubled with frequent urination and wake up several times during the night to ease yourself, then Red Bananas are a good remedy for you.
    • Take 150 grams of Red Banana pulp, a spoon of brown sugar and 30-40 ml of amla juice
    • Mix the three ingredients together in a bowl and eat two times a day for best results

Try this for at least 10 days.

  • Red Banana for Fertility :- Red Bananas work wonders when it comes to fertility. It helps in increasing the sperm count in men. Vitamin B and Bromelain enzyme found in Red Banana are responsible for the increase in sperm production.
  • Leucorrhoea :- Combining milk with a tea spoon of honey with a Red Banana can help in dealing with Leucorrhoea.
  • Morning Sickness :- A Red Banana a day can keep morning sickness away! It comes as a rescue for pregnant ladies that have a tough time with early morning sickness during pregnancy.
  • Pica :- Pica is a condition in which pregnant women and children get the urge to eat soil or clay. Red Bananas are very helpful when it comes to Pica.
  • Benefits of red banana for Skin  :- Red Banana comes with nutrients like vitamin A, C and B6 which are essential for a healthy glowing skin. High anti-oxidant content guards the skin from oxygen free radicals which are harmful and prevents skin ageing. Also, because of high water content, Banana helps in skin hydration and prevents it from drying and flaking. You can make a face pack and apply for fabulous results. All you have to do is:
    • Mash a Red Banana pulp
    • Add a teaspoon of honey and lemon juice each
    • Mix them well and apply it on your face
    • Make sure you cover your entire face, including the neck area
    • Leave it for 20-30 minutes
    • Wash with plain or lukewarm water

Repeat the process weekly for stunning results.

  • Red Bananas Hair Benefits :- Potassium, natural oils, vitamins and carbohydrates present in these bananas provide nourishment to the hair making this soft and lustrous. They also guard the hair’s natural elastic property and growth of split ends which result in hair breakage. Red Banana is also a good remedy of tackling dandruff and dryness of the scalp. You can make a hair mask and apply it for surprising results. All you have to do is:
    • Take a Red Banana and mash it well
    • Mix the mashed product with 1 tablespoon of coconut oil, olive oil and almond oil
    • Apply the mixture on your hair and scalp evenly
    • Make sure you cover the hair ends
    • Wash with plain or lukewarm water after 30-40 minutes

Avoid using hair dryers or hair styling appliances immediately.

  • Red Bananas for Babies :- It forms a perfect meal for new born babies as it contains essential nutrients required for the baby’s development and also tastes sweet.

Is Red Banana safe during Pregnancy?

Yes! Red Bananas are absolutely safe during pregnancy. They keep the nutritional quotient at bay in a pregnant women’s body and also helps in dealing with pregnancy effects like morning sickness.

Is there any condition when one should not consume Red Bananas? 

Patients who are restricted from consuming Potassium should keep away from Red Bananas, especially those who are suffering from kidney failure or other kidney disorders.

Pictures of Red Bananas

Here is how a Red Banana looks:

Red Banana plant

Picture 1: Red Banana plant

red banana tree

Picture 2 :- Red Banana tree

red bananas ripe

Picture 3 : A beautiful bunch of naturally grown red bananas ripe

red banana fruit

Picture 4 : Red Bananas inside view

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